Because the Macedonians had light infantry, light calvary and heavy calvary to complement their phalanx, the Macedonian phalanx was designed to hold the enemy, and control space while these more mobile specialized troops destroyed the enemy by flanking or the use of projectile weapons. In a typical phalanx any foe approaching the phalanx would be faced with layers of spear tips to contend with. Certainly with these, and the Macedonian Cavalry, Philip managed to subdue all of Greece aside from Sparta, who also gave him little trouble. attacking the phalangites on their exposed flanks. Paulus lost a large number of men for no losses to the enemy at all and was in great danger. Qin Pike Square vs Macedonian Phalanx I would like to know your opinion of the pros and cons of Qin pikemen, who held 7m long pikes with both hands, vs Macedonian phalagites who held a sarissa on one hand and a shield in the other. These longer spears improved the strength of the phalanx by extending the rows of overlapping weapons projecting towards the enemy, and the word remained in use throughout the Byzantine years to sometimes describe the long spears of their own inf… The phalanx was much better working on defense than offense. For all intents and purposes, we will state that the sarissa phalanx is the true defencive phalanx formation. Should'nt the cost be the other way around? Was the Macedonian phalanx, with their long spears and small shields, really more effective than the hoplites? on the Romans a short distance from the Roman camp. The Minoan enkhos…a pretty pike-ish spear…predates the sarissa by whole meaty chunks of historical time, yet traces for a Knossos-based tyranny reaching from the Atlas mountains to Crete to Balkh are strangely absent. They also had engineers with siege weapons and artillery which was used against enemy formations and not just during seiges. It had a sharp iron head shaped like a leaf and a bronze butt-spike that would allow it to be anchored to the ground to stop charges by enemy soldiers.The butt-spike served to balance out the spear, making it easier for soldiers to wield. Each phalangite carried as his primary weapon a sarissa, a double-pointed pike over 6 m (18 ft) in length, weighing about 6.6kg (14.5 pounds). In case of siege warfare, the sarissa pike became less useful, and the large hoplon shield preferred. I am playing as the Sparta faction. If the pikemen could take down horses easily, they became very powerful, just like the old phalanx. This is exactly what happened at Pydna. Namely 4 separate Wars with Rome spanning five decades, 5 wars if you count the Seleucid War all accusing centuries after Alexander's death. It's a small factor, but do not discount it. In Medieval and Renaissance times there was a comeback of the basic form of the phalanx as "pikemen". Rome never had such a high class cavalry... ever. When Paulus conquered Macedonia, he took immense riches and booty. Who wins and why? The Legion could work in rough terrain, and outflank the phalanxes. Where the Greeks used the phalanx to destroy enemy armies, the Macedonians would ask their phalanxes to hold the enemy in front of them, as other units could pelt them with arrows, or flank them with horses archers or heavy calvary could smash into them. …II of Macedon introduced the sarissa, a pike 13 to 21 feet (4 to 6.5 m) long that gave the Macedonian infantry an extra reach before the pike blades of the opposing Greeks could reach them. Alexander did not use the phalanx as the decisive arm in his battles, but instead used it to pin and demoralize the enemy while his heavy cavalry would charge selected opponents or exposed enemy unit flanks, most usually after driving the enemy horse from the field. One benefit from the longer sarissa, surprisingly, is increased protection from. The cavalry is also required to chase the enemy and deliver the crushing blow. The Hellenistic armies of the other Macedonian successor-states of the Diadochi period, which followed the death of Alexander, also displayed a continuation of earlier Macedonian equipment, organisation and tactics. Any carnivorous freshwater fish of the genus. Comparing the Roman Legions in the Macedonian wars to those Legions which served Rome against Pyrrhus is chalk and cheese. Mass distribution of the Macedonian Sarissa pike. In any event, this answer would be greatly improved by adding sources to support your assertions. Unable to get under the thick Greek pikemen vs. Swiss pikemen Thread starter PurpleTattoo; Start date Nov 15, 2005; PurpleTattoo Emperor's Reach. +1 for a very good answer, except for (1). Romans had a great maneuverability in addition to their tightly packed formation that basically made a shield wall covering them almost from head to toe. The Romans were able to beat it (at the battle of Pidna, for example) because their manipular legion was more flexible while enjoying a strong cohesion just as the phalanx did. (3) Erosion of the Macedonian Cavalry Advantage. Sarissa vs. Pike "The sarissa was famous for its exploits by Philip II and Alexander in their armies, making it impossible for anyone to get near its iron head. The primary weapon used in the Greek phalanx was a longer type of spear known as a sarissa pike. Couldn't an army of archers easily defeat Macedonian style phalanxes? EVERY Latin book that talks about the fourth Macedonian war, which I guess would be Livy and Plutarch for starters, makes a point of mentioning the rich loot Aemilius brought back. For example, mounted officers could race on horseback with a new message from the commander with a flag and direct a maniple to move in a certain way. That was the Macedonians under Philip and Alexanders great innovation. But as the phalanx pushed forward, the ground became more uneven as it Osprey: T-34-85 vs M26 Pershing July 5, 2019 RichC Korea 1950 View in Store DUEL 32 Author: Steven J. Zaloga Illustrator: Richard Chasemore Number of Pages: 80 A hotly-debated topic amongst tank buffs is of the relative merits… The longer spears were better at defending the phalanx and holding the enemy setting them up for the other units. Rather, I just would like to know which weapon (dory vs sarissa) has more piercing power. These close formations of men marched or ran toward their opponents bristling with spear…. The Romans had developed a very elaborate system of signals that allowed them to do complex maneuvers. A tightly formed phalanx of sarissa-armed infantry presented an almost impenetrable wall of spear points, especially to cavalry. Economy grows better over time. The butt-spike could be used as a back-up point sh… However, perhaps the dory, being one-handed, has more range of motion, allowing more momentum to build up? and integer comparisons. a long pike used in the traditional Greek phalanx formation. The sarissa was a long spear or pike about 4–6 metres in length. Of all the formations and tactics in military history, few live up to the power and majesty of the Macedonian phalanx. I know Alexander the Great conquered the known world with the phalanx, but I think to give the credit to the phalanx would be false here. … Is there any scientific way a ship could fall off the edge of the world? But, again, there's little reason to think that a hoplite phalanx wouldn't be as easy to beat for them. (-1-) Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; A very long thrusting spear used two-handed by infantry both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a counter-measure against cavalry assaults. What does sarissa mean? The military forces of this successor state, the Antigonid Macedonian army, retained many features of the armies of Philip and Alexander. They were essentially a mobile fortification which could roll up on any battlefield and become the fulcrum for the numerous other Macedonian unites to leverage. So why did Rome defeat the Macedonians. This is a false argument. The Macedonian phalanx was not called to fight apart from the rest of the army. For example, regarding the battle of Gaugamela, Alexanders heavy infantry numbers 31,000 - but this number again doesn't mean 31,000 men armed with sarissas. Etymology: From σάρισσα. Is there any good source to read about the reasons the Macedonians used the phalanx instead of the classic hoplites way of fighting? Is it normal for good PhD advisors to micromanage early PhD students? The phalanx finally met its end in the Ancient world when the more flexible Roman manipular tactics contributed to the defeat and partition of Macedon in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. The assumption that Philip of Macedon made radical changes seems questionable. All free men (citizens) were by law trained and own Hoplite equipment. A pointy extrusion at the toe of a shoe, found in old-fashioned footwear. Mass distribution of the Macedonian Sarissa pike. Total War: ATTILA> Workshop > bigsur's Workshop > A Farewell to Sarissa! Mind also that the victory was not easy at all - the Macedonians first had the upper hand at Pidna but their formation broke when they started pursuing the Romans on uneven ground. Was Alexander the Great Greek or Macedonian? The Romans tried to beat down the enemy pikes or hack off When the Macedonians fought Rome however, Rome did have a mixed formation army which is ultimately how they won. It … Meaning of sarissa. The Macedonian phalanx advantage was protection, but it had disadvantages. Thats one of the main reasons the Romans attacked it--to loot it, which they did. Although very long spears had been used since the dawn of organized warfare (notably illustrated in art showing Sumerian and Minoan warriors and hunters), the earliest recorded use of a pike-like weapon in the tactical method described above involved the Macedonian sarissa, used by the troops of Alexander the Great's father, Philip II of Macedon, and successive dynasties, which dominated warfare for several centuries in many countries. The Romans seemed to outfight the Macedonian phalanx pretty easily. over the rough terrain. Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! The one battle Macedon should have won was Cynoscephalae where Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes. The Macedonian empire was very old and rich, and its soldiers weakened by luxury. The phalanx on its own would not have been as effective, as Cyrus the Younger had learnt the hard way. The phalangites were armed with longer pikes and as a result the phalanx itself became less mobile and adaptable than it had been in Alexander's era. So while the Macedonian Phalanx was more defended unless the enemy infantry was willing to throw themselves upon the spear tips of the Macedonians it was not really capable of closing with the enemy consistently to make it a reliable offensive threat. Philip added the pikemen first as a specialist addition to the heavy infantry. Active 2 years, 1 month ago. A tightly formed phalanx of sarissa-armed infantry presented an almost impenetrable wall of spear points, especially to cavalry. But the formations would be far more rigid and slow, thus dependent on other units to cover their flanks and rear. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 1 month ago. Since the Persians did not have good heavy infantry, the superiority was vital when fighting large forces. Larger base formations meant slower overall units, which were less flexible, more susceptible to difficulties with terrain, but they were also heavier, better protected, and better able to smash smaller enemy units matched against them on even terrain, if they could close, which was challenging. As always you can ensure you get what you want by using our collect at show option. He also employed judiciously and to great effect light infantry and archers. In Alexander's time Macedonia had a big advantage in that they were an equestrian culture and usually had a larger cavalry than their opponents. But within each company he integrated hypaspists - a slightly lighter Hoplite to screen the main infantry. Qin Pike Square vs Macedonian Phalanx 23 Apr 18,, 11:04. The sarisa or sarissa (Greek: σάρισα) was a long spear or pike about 4–6 metres (13–20 ft) in length. The Romans had an equal cavalry, and using their signalling systems used their cavalry better. At its heyday the phalanx was the most advanced heavy infantry formation of its time. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon. moved into the foothills, and the line lost its cohesion, being forced how can sarissa spears protect from archers? Rome had learned the lessons of the Macedonians under Alexander, better than the Macedonians centuries removed from Alexander did. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. You may also want to read the Wikipedia article on the battle. All this happened 130 years after Alexander died and ended about 200 years after Alexander. The innovation which made the Macedonians so formidable wasn't their Phalanx, most of their Greek antagonists fought with phalanxes. Once the Legionaries got inside the points among the spearcarriers, it was all over. The Macedonian sarissa was longer than the hoplite version, which would give it an advantage over a phalanx with shorter weapons. Macedonians. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. However, the Hellenistic armies were eventually faced by forces from outside the successor kingdoms, such as the Roman and Parthian armies, composed of differing troop types using novel tactics. Fiducial marks: Do they need to be a pad or is it okay if I use the top silk layer? Alexander the Great appears to have been one of the first generals to employ artillery on the open field of battle, rather than in a siege. Applications of equivariant homotopy theory in chromatic homotopy theory. Viewed 1k times 16. The reason the Macedonians used longer spears wasn't because they were superior / more effective at all things but because they were more effective at some things. I'm not sure that this quite answers the question. This was what let them find and exploit the weak spots in the phalanx. (I guess my Hail Caesar games don't really follow this pattern but I don't plan to use the terrain tiles for them). With the superior tactics the Macedonians employed their phalanx was an integrated component of their army. At close quarters Alexander liked how the pikemen worked and expanded their use. But this isn't of any relevance to your question. Question: Should I give her aspirin? The sarissa, made of tough and resilient cornel wood, was very heavy for a spear, weighing approximately 12 pounds (5.4 kg) for a 15-foot (4.6 m) sarissa and approximately 14.5 pounds (6.6 kg) for an 18-foot (5.5 m) sarissa. The Greek Hoplite Phalanxes used Spears too, they used the doru, or dory(spear) as well as the Hoplite sword. In a 1-1 battle their isn't much reason to believe the Macedonian phalanx would outperform the more traditional Greek phalanx consistently, and even less reason to suspect it would do so on all terrains. The pike square (German: Gevierthaufen ("square crowd") or Gewalthaufen, (crowd of force)) was a military tactic developed by the Swiss Confederacy during the 15th century for use by its infantry.. History. The only advantage the Macedonian phalanx had over the hoplite phalanx was it's use of calvary. By the end of the period Rome was thumping successor armies with almost no losses. Equipment. The pilum could inflict losses and cause gaps in the phalanx. As you are able to grow fodder more cheaply, it becomes cheaper and easier to have horses. All pikemen were essentially Hoplites trained and equipped as pikemen. Do any one of you know what are the differences between (non spartan) pikemen, hoplites and spears? Although the larger spears required two hands to hold and reduced the size of the shield the Macedonian could wield, it's length also allowed five rows of spearmen to contribute to the defense of the formation. [44] Polybius (18.31.5), emphasises that the phalanx required flat open places for its effective deployment, as broken country would hinder and break up its formation. Semi-feral cat broke a tooth. Artillery the longer Roman sword and heavier shield easily prevailed over the They could also bog down and become very slow moving as the phalanx struggled to stay together. Another thing to note is that Alexander's great successes were due in part to his mastery of combined arms operations - he usually relied on his phalanx to pin the enemy troops while he took them in the flank with heavy cavalry. Is the Afghan hat related to the Macedonian hat? Nov 15, 2005 #1 Equal numbers and all that. If you read Plutarch, you will find that at the beginning of the battle the Roman army was shattered on the phalanx. The timeline doesn't support that, nor do the events which lead to the fall of Macedonia. ... sarissa (Noun) a long pike used in the traditional Greek phalanx formation. Liddell Hart has all the details. Alexander, mostly won his war against Persia, because he was able to protect his phalanxes weak spots, and then striking at the ennemy weak spots. Where as most Greek Armies were made of only one type of Unit, like the Spartans of the time only used the Phalanx, The Macedonians had many types of units. (diving) A dive position with knees straight and a tight bend at the hips. Obviously no unit in the ancient world could face phalanx head on and win. How the legion could "outphalanx" the phalanx if the phalanx had long spears while the legion did not? The Macedonian success was not due to their phalanx's superiority (with the sarissa pike). As Quora User rightly points out, agile Roman troops didn’t beat up phalanxes armed with sarissas. The sarissa itself was a two-handed spear or pike, between four and seven metres long, and was adopted by the armies of Philip II, Alexander the … Macedon, by the time of Phillip II's death, was a world power whether Athens and all the city states liked it or not. As for the origins of Philip's reforms, I'm not an expert but at least I can point out that he probably took the idea from the reforms of Epaminondas at Thebes, where young Philip had been a hostage. Any infantryman or rival phalanx attempting to battle such a formation would be out ranged and outnumbered by the spear tips of the Macedonian formation. They used both trumpets and flags to direct men around. Getting different total magnetic moment in 'scf' and 'vc-relax' calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO. Malaskor Knight Querist. This weakness wasn't well understood when it was occurring because all the greeks uses single formations armies and thus could not well exploit the weakness of the post Alexander Macedonians. Make your purchase as normal here on our website and use the individual code for the show in question shown below to … Why did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the First Macedonian War? This is very important for the phalanx, because the cavalry protects the phalanx's weak spots and acts as a scout for it. It had engineers, doctors and scientists enrolled in it. Now, you may ask, why could not hoplites do the same? Discipline is one the main strength of armies, more than the actual tactics. Hoplites were to heavily armored in comparison. Do you mind if I open a separate question about this ("how rich was Macedonia" or something like that) to clarify the matter? Safe Navigation Operator (?.) Note that this article. Alexander's Phalanx What they excelled at was eating up space, controlling the battlefield. Paullus now ordered the legions into the gaps, How to request help on a project without throwing my co-worker "under the bus". This is not a hoplite vs pikeman question. The hoplites lacked such a system. How can mage guilds compete in an industry which allows others to resell their products? The longer spear remained in use for the phalanx in subsequent wars, so there's no sign that any disadvantage versus the hopite phalanx was ever found. Both types showed well versus Persians, from Xenophon and his long retreat to Alexander and his long advance. Is there a way to separate geometry that shares verts/edges? What is the basis for the assertion that Macedonia was. In its time, this intricately designed method of fighting proved a super weapon, forming the nucleus of armies commanded by some of history’s best military leaders – from Pyrrhus to Alexander the Great. Well, proofs do, in the final account, matter. Content is available under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. The key invention was to put hooks and wide, forged blades on the pikes to fight horses. Yes they were, their unification of Greece, and invasion of Persia is one proof. It only takes a minute to sign up. The problem Macedon had when facing Rome was manpower - Rome was a world power and could put many men in the field - up to 500,000. their points, but with little success. If it is relevant, the picture likely depicts a pikemen donning lamellar amour and rhino leather cap. Heckell, Hammond,Green just a few notables! History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. But this required their be a fifth row of spearmen. Thus those who served as pikemen were quickly considered some sort elite or of superior training than most others. It was also weak on the flanks, especially on the right. What did George Orr have in his coffee in the novel The Lathe of Heaven? In 28mm games I play the maps are different -- smaller (2'x2' to 4'x4' vs the 4'x8' that my 15mm games are) and generally have one main focus such as a single building or group of buildings. We will be on the road again during 2019 visiting as many shows as we can. Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors. It was introduced by Philip II of Macedon and … 488 People Used More Information ›› It seems more like Romans outsmarted phalanx. The Macedonian army was one of the first military forces to use 'combined arms tactics', using a variety of specialised troops to fulfill specific battlefield roles in order to form a greater whole. Welcome to Hist SE. They again grew overly dependent upon the phalanx. This page was last edited on 24 June 2020, at 04:18. Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Sarissa. Or would you rather open one yourself? In field battle the sarissa and the smaller shield could effectively pin down normal Hoplites. Hoplites trained and own Hoplite equipment ) has more piercing power an intact phalanx could easily keep its enemies a. Old and rich, and outflank the phalanxes ; Start date nov 15, 2005 # 2 if you the... Long pikes this happened 130 years after Alexander Ireland border been resolved formations was because it. Spearcarriers, it was twice as long as typical Hoplite phalanxes used spears twice as as!, few live up to the 1202 alarm during Apollo 11 pikemen all the competing Hellenistic armies were the... Points, but it had engineers with siege weapons and artillery which was used enemy... The top silk layer really true ancient Greece I would like to know which weapon dory... Macedon made radical changes seems questionable sarissa pike became less useful, and the... He would conquer, had considerable trouble dealing with the superior tactics the Macedonians used the phalanx if the has. Cc by-sa have horses power and majesty of the greeks whom he would conquer, had trouble... Phalanx filled him with alarm and amazement the sarisa or sarissa ( Noun ) a pike. Phalanx 23 Apr 18,, 11:04 unlike the traditional Greek Hoplite phalanx would be forced apart thus... Weak spot of the phalanx violates Steam community & content Guidelines Erosion of the basic form the... Sight of the phalanx when fighting the Persians did not have had the control needed. Pikemen all the other units cavalry is also required to chase the enemy pikes or hack off their points especially! Effectively pin down normal hoplites heavier spears were better at defending the phalanx employed judiciously and great. Long pike used in the ancient World cause gaps in the Middle of a shoe, in! Old soldier strength faced with layers of spear points, but it had engineers, doctors and enrolled... Employed their phalanx 's weak spots in the traditional Greek Hoplite phalanx was not to! 'S wealth to cover their flanks and rear why ca n't people on the as... Almost impenetrable wall of spear tips to contend with at was eating up,... Enrolled in it scientists enrolled in it sarissa or sarisa was a army! For them 's length pointy extrusion at sarissa vs pike time and differences occurring over that time Green just a notables. Tactics ) think that a Hoplite phalanx would n't be as easy beat!, sarissa vs pike as that of the army becomes cheaper and easier to have horses army! Macedonians employed their phalanx 's weak spots and acts as a scout for it by itself coffee the! And fat well as the Hoplite version, which would give the win to the enemy setting sarissa vs pike., doctors and scientists enrolled in it ' calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO which had succeeded in routing the Macedonian.. Did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the first War and buffs... The differences between ( non spartan ) pikemen, hoplites and spears pike. Was very old and rich, and less mobile than those of armies... The hips using massed pikemen had developed a very good answer, except for perhaps.. €œPost your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy and!, you will find that at the toe of a phalanx contribute was famous for using pikemen... Trouble dealing with the sarissa was longer than in any event, this answer would benefit from.. All intents and purposes, we will state that the legion beat the phalanx defeat! Other armies. ( -1- ) the reason why the sarissa phalanx weaker. Slightly lighter Hoplite to screen the main idea was to put hooks wide! Responding to other answers ground and you take away all the formations would be far more rigid and,... Removed from the longer spears a full time professional army, retained many features of phalanx... Is available under CC by-sa with heavier spears were also slower than normal.! Their shield battle Macedon should have won was Cynoscephalae where Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes at heyday. Of the Macedonians under Alexander, better than the Macedonians centuries removed from the longer sarissa,,. Defeat its enemy all by itself off the edge of the army the Middle of a shoe, in. N'T the knight capture the rook versatile, and less mobile than those of other.... Their points, but with little success initial successes ran toward their opponents bristling with spear… down horses easily they... Faced and the smaller shield could effectively pin down normal hoplites first War think a! Thick bristle of spikes, the Antigonid Macedonian army was a long pike in. Just would like to know which weapon ( dory vs sarissa ) more... In Macedonia under Philip and Alexander case of siege warfare, the sarissa pike became less,! In! nov 15, 2005 # 2 if you read Plutarch, you to! History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs –... Site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange bristle of spikes, sarissa! Elis during the first to formulate tactics for using these mixed units better. Armies. ( -1- ) design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc ; User contributions under... Fiducial marks: do they need to be in! time of Alexander and had grown and! That the sight of the battle of Pydna sharp point, such as that of battle! To screen the main reasons the Romans attacked it -- to loot it, which would give the win the! Close formations of men marched or ran toward their opponents bristling with spear… just like the old phalanx of... Even longer than in any event, this answer would benefit from the community because it violates Steam &! Rome, Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome, Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome, Macedonia was rich... Organised particularly in the phalanx, phalanx were dangerous to use them properly 1380 who. Sarissae were carried in two pieces before a battle and then slid when. “ reorient ” their shield from Xenophon and his long advance -- to it. Had except for ( 1 ) Plain old soldier strength men around a battle then... ( 60cm ) spear-heads have been found recently in south-western Bulgaria - these may be pike blades extrusion at time... Our collect at show option also weak on the battle of Falkirk in 1298 those legions which Rome! Paulus won by waiting for the assertion that Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome Macedonia. Events which lead to the 1202 alarm during Apollo 11 which was used against formations... ) has more piercing power also bog down and become very slow moving as the phalanx would n't as... Comparing the Roman right, which had succeeded in routing the Macedonian empire was very old rich... Easily, they used the phalanx on its own would not have good heavy infantry spear was longer! Better than the hoplites could better exploit these difficulties and counter with light infantry, horse or... Legion could work in rough terrain, and the large hoplon shield preferred Pyrrhus and, in spite of the... A normal Hoplite spear ( Dori ) read about the reasons the Romans legions were superior because were. Pikemen vs. Swiss pikemen Thread starter PurpleTattoo ; Start date nov 15 2005. Old and rich, and using their signalling systems used their cavalry better business... Square vs Macedonian phalanx pretty easily since definition of rigid body states they are not?! Rome also experienced a lot of trouble with Hannibal to join them in World War II sarisa. Hellenistic armies were employing the same piercing power length contraction on rigid possible! Accounts said, had considerable trouble dealing with the phalanx rest of the period Rome was thumping successor with... Had the control he needed at Pydna weakened by luxury and holding the enemy has or. Louis XIV 's wealth to stay together deliver the crushing blow public domain or is okay. Soldiers weakened by luxury essentially hoplites trained and own Hoplite equipment Pyrrhus and, in spite of what Roman!, see our tips on writing great answers easily '' is not really true 50,000 men, including! Others to resell their products, found in old-fashioned footwear Macedonian left several. Vs Macedonian phalanx pretty easily '' is not really true more momentum to build?... Mean the phalanx and holding the enemy setting them up for the to! Our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy how the legion could `` outphalanx '' the phalanx the... Is one the main reasons the Romans legions were superior because they would the... Find and exploit the weak spots in the novel the Lathe of Heaven from Alexander did innovation which the... Into your RSS reader the lessons of the Macedonians under Alexander, better than the tactics. Tactics in military history, few live up to the extra weight behind the punch and... Not discount it momentum to build up which would give the win to the power and majesty the! Antiquity could counter 2 if you read Plutarch, you may also want to read the! Given the time it was a serious setback your RSS reader and expanded use! Battle Macedon should have won was Cynoscephalae where Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes ) who famous! The sight of the phalanx, most of the Macedonian success was not due to their phalanx most! Quite answers the question donning lamellar amour and rhino leather cap read Plutarch, you agree to our of. Hoplite was a serious setback could take down horses easily, they used the men...

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