Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, December 12 from 3–4 PM PST American novelist who wrote "The Grapes of Wrath" (1939). B. Created under President Herbert Hoover. He helped found the CIO and was responsible for the Fair Labor Standards Act. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms: 603244646: Eleanor Roosevelt: FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. D. New Rights Act. Type of strike in which striking workers refuse to leave the factories so that owners cannot replace them. 1934 - Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government, and provided loans for economic development. Affected the people in trying to aid people feeling the effects of the depression. The new deal was a plan that Roosevelt and Congress put into action to hopefully overcome the Great Depression. Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment. Up Next. the federal government should work to help Americans in poverty. established National Labor Relations Board; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands. FDR and the Great Depression . Relief meant that the government was taking immediate action. Sort by: Top Voted. John Steinbeck's novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. 10, 1933. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 24 The Great Depression & New Deal. 1928; Republican; approach to economy known as voluntarism (avoid destroying individuality/self-reliance by government coercion of business); of course, in 1929 the stock market crashed; tried to fix it through creating the Emergency Relief and Construction Act and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (didn't really work). The Great Depression. Parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas that were hit hard by dry topsoil and high winds that created blinding dust storms; this area of the Great Plains became called that because winds blew away crops and farms, and blew dust from Oklahoma to Albany, New York. Unfortunately, the New Deal is fading from the collective memory of Americans — a casualty of time, neglect, and politics. Chicago Police Department shot and killed ten unarmed demonstrators in Chicago, on May 30, 1937. A small group of young reform-minded intellectuals responsible for writing FDR's speeches and authoring much of the New Deal legislation. He was a miner known for creating the United Mine Workers. Under Section 7a Permitted all workers to join unions of their choice, allowed workers to bargain collectively for wage increases and benefits, allowed workers to go on strike to try to force employers to meet their demands. They were more influential than the Cabinet. "Indian New Deal" 1934 partially reserved the individualistic approach and belatedly tried to restore the tribal basis of indian life, Government legislation that allowed the Indians a form of self-government and thus willingly shrank the authority of the U.S. government. Changed start of Congress to January3rd. (Banking Act of 1933) - Established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and included banking reforms, some designed to control speculation. British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption. All the banks were ordered to close until new laws could be passed. Laissez-Faire policies should guide our economy "rugged individualism" will get us through the Great Depression. President Hoover's first 100 days in office. A popular narrative presents the New Deal as a series of programs that responded to the Great Depression with “3 Rs”—relief, recovery, and reform. A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be. Although the New Deal had alienated conservatives, including many businessmen, most Americans supported Roosevelt’s programs. (way for struggling artists to have a job and for the community to benefit as well), Roosevelt essentials of the New Deal: Recovery, Relief, and Reform, (esp. A 1935 law, also known as the Wagner Act, that guarantees workers the right of collective bargaining sets down rules to protect unions and organizers, and created the National Labor Relations Board to regulate labor-managment relations. Most still had some work. In 1935 it effectively declared the National Recovery Administration (NRA) illegal. Any failure to “solve” the various problems is blamed on market failure, which we are told only government can fix. One version proposed confiscating large personal fortunes, guaranteeing every family a cash grant of $5,000 and every worker an annual income of $2,5000, providing pensions to the aged, reducing work hours, paying veterans' bonuses and ensuring college education for every qualified student. Up Next. Would have increased the number of justices from 9 to 15, giving FDR a majority of his own appointees on the court. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Changed date president takes office from March 4th to January 20th. This meant that it declared many of the acts passed by FDR unconstitutional. New Deal social welfare programs tended to funnel women into means-tested, state administered relief programs while reserving “entitlement” benefits for male workers, creating a kind of two-tiered social welfare state. Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). (1935) a new set of programs in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs. informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people. What was the original New Deal about, again?Most kids are taught that it … A leader in the struggle for women's and black equality. A story of Dust Bowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life. The New Deal Flashcards | Quizlet Sale quizlet.com The Act was the first direct-relief operation under the New Deal and was headed by Harry L. Hopkins, a New York social worker who was one of Franklin D. Roosevelt's most influential advisers. She founded a school for black students that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University. A. A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . The recession of 1937. The Law set up new ways for the federal government to funnel money to troubled banks It also required the Treasury Department to inspect banks before they could re-open. These were the immediate goals of the Hundred Days Congress , which met March 9-June 6, 1933. The three primary goals of the New Deal were relief, recovery, reform. The new deal focused on the three general goals: relief, recovery, and reform. One region in the central Great Plains was espe­ cially hard hit. Roosevelt vs Alf Landon, Roosevelt campaigned based on his achievements and the hope he gave people. Next lesson. Yet, almost all learned to live much more cheaply as they struggled to make ends meet. The FLSA is administered by the Wage & Hour Division of the United States Department of Labor. In terms of the "New Deal", what does the NRA stand for? The new deal was a plan that Roosevelt and Congress put into action to hopefully overcome the Great Depression. The NIRA pumped cash into the economy to stimulate the job market and created codes that businesses were to follow to maintain the ideal of fair competition and created the NRA. Start studying The New Deal. It allowed industries to create fair competition, which were intended to reduce destructive competition and to help workers by setting minimum wages and maximum weekly hours. (FDR) 1933 and 1938. Part of Roosevelts New Deal programs. A. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. The New Deal’s constant experimentation has encouraged only more government involvement in people’s daily lives. The New Deal was pessimistic, the Great Society optimistic. Take the affordable-housing crisis. What was referred to as the "First 100 Days"? This is the currently selected item. The New Deal was an unprecedented plan that envisioned large-scale programs and reforms designed to support struggling Americans, boost the economy, and prevent similar disasters in the future. Overall, FDR's New Deal aimed to alleviate the economic consequences of … The Great Depression. The Living New Deal is making visible that enduring legacy. Guarantees workers the right of collective bargaining, the greatest victory for New Dealers; created pension and insurance for the old-aged, the blind, the physically handicapped, delinquent children, and other dependents by taxing employees and employers. The Great Depression. its basic elements were the urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, the poor, Southerners, African Americans, and intellectuals. Congress passed into law every request of FDR enacting more major legislation than any single Congress in history. Start studying Ch. She also served as an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Project designed to provide jobs for unemployed artists to design posters, offer art courses, and paint murals on public buildings. Government agency that was part of the New Deal and dealt with the industrial sector of the economy. All the banks were ordered to close until new laws could be passed. D. New Rights Act. The New Deal Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on The New Deal Economic downturn in 1937 which happened when FDR tried to reduce government spending on relief and job programs. The Supreme Court judges were primarily Republicans. Repealed in 1999, opening the door to scandals involving banks and stock investment companies. Rural Electrification Administration (REA), affordable electricity would improve the standard of living and the economic competitiveness of the family farm; created to bring electricity to rural areas like the Tennessee Valley; many opposed. As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000, (FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health, Attempted to combat the Depression through national economic planning by establishing and administering a system of industrial codes to control production, prices, labor relations, and trade practices among leading business interests; ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1935. S constant experimentation has encouraged only more government involvement in people ’ s programs ;. 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