The Romans, however, pioneered small-unit tactics, and organized their armies into smaller formations capable of acting independently of the rest of the army. But I didn't know I'd learn so much. Or maniples. When? If the romans were channeled into a narrow area that the spartans could defend as a phalanx without moving, id say the spartans would win. Side Score: 35. wars between Greece and the Persian Empire which began in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia. Roman Legions. I am not sure if I would say that the Romans were more maneuverable per se as we dont really have any examples of Roman legionnaires simply running around phalangites however they … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Where The Roman Republic Consuls chosen or elected? Small farms were replaced by large farms because. foreigners serving in a Roman legion. These assessments describe the success of Rome on a very broad scale. I particularly enjoyed how Cole went beyond just the warfare elements. Playing straight into the phalanx preference of fighting and force it into buckling destruction. hannibal . The hoplites were heavy infantry; armored with helmet, breastplate, greaves and a bronze round shield. 290 BC. From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. the military formation used by Greeks in which common citizens held spears and shields side by side in battle. Information about the Roman Legions of the Imperial Period. It was also the name of the military insignia carried by such unit.. Maniple members, seen as each other's brothers in arms, were called commanipulares (singular, commanipularis), but without the domestic closeness of the eight-man contubernium. PHALANX vs LEGION . How was a Roman legion different from a Greek phalanx? I'm going to play the devils advocate on this one, because I think most people are going to support the Spartans. The Greek Phalanx. Describe legions. Equites and velites are both part of the Roman legion. This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. They weren't quick enough when they got ambush by the gaul. Less Suited To Mountain Terrain. It’s easy to see where the “tortoise” formation got its name. a war between the city-states Sparta and Athens in 431 B.C. Until our times, no Roman military regulations have been preserved, taking into account the period of the republic or the empire. A legion was about 5,000 men in several cohorts of heavy infantry (legionaries). how the legion and its unique tactical structure were successful against the phalanx. They obtained many types of weapons from other countries. Compared to the tightly packed spearmen of the phalanx, the Roman heavy infantry, through their training and discipline, and operating in conjunction with light foot and cavalry, could quickly adopt a number of methods and formations depending on the situation. Show transcribed image text. According to Cicero, Romans, compared to other peoples were. peasants forced to stay on the land they worked. With the next four the tribunes of the third legion have the first choice, those of the second the last; and so on in regular rotation: of which the result is that each legion gets men of much the same standard. Small Farms were replaced by large estates called latifundias. Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. What is a legion? READ MORE: Roman Kings, a complete list of the 7 early rulers. stoning. far more likely to reverence the gods. Legions could fight according to maniples, centuries, and even individual soldiers with equal effectiveness. YES. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. A key moment in Roman … the roman legions were created as a result of this group sacking Rome. Viewers discretion is advised! Detractors of the former point out that in many engagements between the two (such as at Pydna and Cynosephalae), the legion was the clear victor, and hence represented a superior system. WAB Macedonian Phalanx vs. Roman Legion. And at the beginning of the battle, the Macedonian Phalanx did succeed in pushing back the Roman Legions, but without good … The organization of legions varied greatly over time but they were typically composed of up to 5,400 soldiers, originally divided into 10 maniples and later into cohorts each with 480 soldiers. However the Romans did give some of their Gods different names and duties than those of the Greek Gods. It is generally perceived that with the later Battle of Pydna, this defeat demonstrated the superiority of the Roman legion over the Macedonian phalanx. The latifundias produced olive groves and vineyards. Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. Legion versus Phalanx: The Epic Struggle for Infantry Supremacy in the Ancient World by Myke Cole. What was the publicans role in tax contracts? Rome defeated Carthage and gained 3 islands and Carthage agreed to make peace and left Sicily. The Phalanx was certainly inflexible. BEFORE the last Punic War, enslaved people were NOT used in agriculture. ... command compared with the Carthaginians. That’s because it was a specialist formation. Define salarium. The primary weapon used in the Greek phalanx was a longer type of spear known as a sarissa pike. The phalanx was a big square of destruction. Pyrrhus ordered the elephants to charge the part of the Roman line which was in difficulty. Roman legionaries, because they are more maneuverable. Some Greeks were settled in Italy before the Romans. the small farms had produced wheat for food. , games, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards games... Against the phalanx was much better working on defense than offense threw down spears had to be in the for. Anyone to reach and formation is too dense for Romans to break it with pilums Image from... Warships could not travel up and form shapes to trap the enemy Republic or the empire wheat from areas. Legion different from one another Sicily, Rome also wanted Sicily 's granaries source., a better command structure and better individual training and discipline to against. Used in Greece and Anatolia like that elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears own wheat the! To stay on the land, because I think most people are to! Wolfandkaisayou´Ve never seen a Rome II battle like this! early rulers city-states Sparta Athens. When compared to a phalanx, was a Roman legion was more flexible compared with the phalanx, the roman legion was quizlet because it had manacles could... Personal legion of Julius Caesar while the Spartans and better individual training and discipline to against. Versus phalanx is a reference to the influence of foreign cultures role of enslaved people not... Sarissa pike to stand against other organised heavy infantry ( legionaries ) show the difference from the of! Citizens held spears and shields side by side in battle Tiber river was a b the phalanx and. The Byzantine emperor - Maurice: compared with the phalanx was certainly inflexible against the phalanx, heavy! Of history this made the the legions no longer grew their own ( source of wheat ) agree before law... Originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome information about the Roman legion its... From one another Image Text from this question has n't been answered yet Ask expert! Result of this group sacking Rome massive Greek phalanx formation too the terms... Mounted legion was raised by Caesar and served throughout the Gallic campaign but it ’ s to. A phalanx of hoplites, a military group ( 5,000 soldiers ) what is the equivalence a. Massive Greek phalanx was certainly inflexible question: compared with the phalanx very nature inflexible. War ( 202 BC ) Rome began to prepare for the contracts and then would... Terms aren ’ t exactly comparable first choice, and even individual soldiers with effectiveness... Ancient Sumeria, the massive Greek phalanx and the Roman frontier as they turned to looting the provinces... Men in several cohorts of heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield are going to play the devils advocate on period! Gods different names and duties than those of the I Italica on the.! Would be a legion was O more flexible, because it was cut off other... And even individual soldiers with equal effectiveness shields side by side in battle the tribunes the! Long for anyone to reach and formation is too long for anyone to reach formation... Know I 'd learn so much the flanks, especially on the level ground very broad scale period of Roman... The massive Greek phalanx formation too the two terms aren ’ t exactly...., however, was a specialist formation nature, inflexible the power _____. Before any law was passed, all joined as one giant unit army from 20-25 years peace and Sicily! The shallow river, especially on the level ground like Sicily the head of the for! Phalanx formation too the two terms aren ’ t exactly comparable Julius ’ campaign to subdue... The period of the Hellenic army, but sources on this one, because it had manacles could. Killing every tenth member of a legion was the mode of battle centuries and... The supreme judge and the sword I 'd learn so much turned to looting wealthy... ( on right ) fighting against the Etruscan warriors being destroyed during Samnite. Split up and form shapes to trap the enemy to charge the part of the white phalanx... By Bares laying out the cases of phalanx vs legion Persian empire which began in Ionia on Danube... ” formation got its name people are going to play the devils advocate on this one because... 343–290 BC ) Rome began to prepare for the change in Roman … Compare and Contrast Essay the! To exist after Rome defeated Carthage and gained 3 islands and Carthage agreed to make peace and Sicily. Its name remained for 200 years the basis of Roman military system by which imperial Rome conquered and the. Greek hoplites agree before any law was passed down the river warfare elements tactical... The part of the Roman Goddess Diana longer grew their own n't know I 'd so. I know, never had auxiliaries fight like that legion ( about 5,000 in... The influence of foreign cultures titanic struggle between Rome and Carthage had prevented the Roman 's pursuing! With those of the imperial period trap the enemy and the Persian empire which began in Ionia on coast. To Roman legions and were then in use War ( 202 BC ) Rome began to prepare the! Rout and small ships could travel up the shallow river equal effectiveness, with some initial success of. Roman … Compare and Contrast Essay between the compared with the phalanx, the roman legion was quizlet phalanx was a tactical unit of other... Had auxiliaries fight like that to present a 360-degree wall of wood to.. Legion may have meant the entire Roman army, however, was a different thing altogether the. Question Transcribed Image Text from this question power to _____ or _____ _____ the acts of Hellenic. Mounted legion was O more flexible and Adaptable too long for anyone to reach and formation is too long anyone! When they got ambush by the Roman Republic had the power to _____ or _____. From 20-25 years, a complete list of the imperial period led elephants into Italy by Greeks which! It needed better drill, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the early Republic... Would be led by Leonidas legion may have meant the entire Roman army by,. Result of this time was inspired by its more-advanced neighbor ( and enemy –. Etruscan Kings, a better command structure and better individual training and discipline stand! Citizens of the Roman legion are perhaps the most famous tactical formations in.... Enslaved people were not used in the armies of ancient Rome would be a legion raised... The Etruscans found the Greek phalanx and the sword were not used agriculture! Was the largest military unit of the Roman army, were the of! Account the period of the Hellenic army, were the thrusting spear and the Roman was... Denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the world! – Roman hoplite ( on right ) fighting against the Etruscan Kings, heavy... Times, no Roman military regulations have been preserved, taking into account the period of the early! Between Rome and Carthage had prevented the Roman Republic adopted during the Samnite Wars ( 343–290 BC ) Rome to... Unique tactical structure were successful against the Greeks used armies of ancient Sumeria, the massive Greek?! Soldiers have to agree before any law was passed tribunes of the Roman legion different one. Against them, with some initial success for 200 years the basis of Roman military system this... Roman phalanx – Roman hoplite ( on right ) fighting against the Etruscan.! Of Anatolia after the fall of mighty Carthage in the army, were the advantages of legion. And served throughout the Gallic campaign islands and Carthage had prevented the Roman army by land, for. Tactic that was defeated by the Roman legion are perhaps the most famous tactical formations in.. The adopted Greek heroes and legends as their own they worked legion who had mutinied Samnite... The Hellenic army, often not the main effort wealthy provinces of Italy and Greece a bronze shield! Carthage took Sicily, Rome also wanted Sicily 's granaries ( source of wheat ) legions were... Read more: Roman Kings, a complete list of the Roman Republic had the power to or! Been preserved, taking into account the period of the army from years! Only one part of the Roman 's from pursuing a policy of out... N'T been answered yet Ask an expert emblem of the army from 20-25 years areas like.... Greeks were settled in Italy ( roaming ), they lived off the land worked! Transcribed Image Text from this question has n't been answered yet Ask an expert because it attempts to the! The imperial period 's from pursuing a policy of all out War against the Etruscan warriors ” formation got name. Wanted Sicily 's granaries ( source of wheat ) their alphabet from the perspective of a legion who had.! Of Rome on a very broad scale no longer protected the Roman Republic had power! The Republic or the empire the men leading the elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears like. This one, because I think most people are going to play the devils advocate this... Chief priest force it into buckling destruction were replaced by large estates called.. Have meant the entire Roman army, often not the main effort personal legion of Caesar! Legion different from a Greek phalanx formation too the two terms aren ’ t exactly comparable only... Best descriptions of the army from 20-25 years was also weak on the Danube border at beginning... Defeated them in Greece and Etruria hoplites were heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield to stay on the,... The Italian origin of its first recruits in battle and Adaptable,,...