[30] Early on October 25, the hurricane reached a secondary peak intensity of 125 mph (201 km/h) while located about 340 miles (550 km) east of Jacksonville, Florida. [1] The system continued to organize, with the National Hurricane Center remarking the system could ultimately become a hurricane. Early on Wednesday, Wilma became the most intense hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic. [1][20] Initially, the hurricane was forecast to re-intensify into a Category 5 hurricane,[21] with one forecast predicting it to make landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula with winds of 165 mph (266 km/h),[22] though Wilma remained a strong Category 4 hurricane as it tracked northwestward. Hurricane Wilma rapidly intensified in the Caribbean, growing from a tropical storm with winds of 69 mph on Oct. 18 to a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 172 mph on Oct. 19. [4] Dvorak classifications were initiated on October 15. The rains triggered river flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing 12 people, and forcing 300 residents into shelters. A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. [32] By 1117 UTC on October 25, the center was located to the northwest of the primary convection as cold air from the southwest entrained the circulation. Read more about Hurricane Wilma in The Post’s 10th anniversary story about the unprecedented tropical cyclone here. The storm cut communications between Les Cayes and Tiburon. [6], As Tropical Depression Twenty-Four drifted southwestward, it steadily organized; by early on October 16, rainbands began to gradually consolidate with well-established outflow, and a large upper-level anticyclone developed over the depression. [19] Early on October 20 the hurricane weakened to Category 4 status after the small, inner eye dissipated and the 45-mile (72 km) wide outer eyewall became the dominant eye. From October 18, and through the following day, Wilma underwent explosive deepening over the open waters of the Caribbean; in a 30-hour period, the system's central atmospheric pressure dropped from 982 mbar (29.00 inHg) to the record-low value of 882 mbar (26.05 inHg), while the winds increased to 185 mph (298 km/h). [1] As the hurricane moved further inland, the eye became cloud-filled as the deepest convection began to warm, and the winds gradually weakened during its passage over land. During the second week of October, an unusually large, monsoon-like lower-level circulation and a broad area of disturbed weather developed over much of the Caribbean Sea. Computer models predicted steady strengthening as the depression tracked westward before turning to the north. Hurricane Wilma moved across the extreme southeastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida peninsula during the morning hours of Monday, 24 October 2005, bringing hurricane-force winds to … [5] By late on October 15, the surface circulation became defined well enough, with sufficiently organized deep convection, for the National Hurricane Center to designate the system as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four while it was located about 220 miles (350 km) east-southeast of Grand Cayman. By October 26, it transitioned into an extratropical cyclone, and the next day, the remnants of Wilma were absorbed by another extratropical storm over Atlantic Canada. [23] At about 2145 UTC on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). Wilma's destructive journey began in the second week of October 2005. The depression drifted southwestward, and under favorable conditions, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Wilma on October 17. Hurricane Wilma formed in the Carribean as a tropical depression on October 15, 2005, becoming the 21st named storm of the 2005 hurricane season, the most active on record save for 1933, which also had 21 named storms. By late on October 15, the system was sufficiently organized for the National Hurricane Centerto designate it as Tropical Depre… Environmental conditions remained favorable,[1] with the eye becoming more distinct early on October 21. Hurricane Wilma remained a powerful Category 4 storm when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA’s Terra satellite took this image at 12:25 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time, on Friday, October 21, 2005.Two days earlier, Wilma had surged from tropical storm to Category 5 hurricane in record time. The central pressure rapidly dropped 54 mbar (1.65 inHg) from 0000 to 0600 UTC, and at 0800 UTC, a Hurricane Hunters flight recorded a minimum central pressure of 884 mbar (26.10 inHg) in a dropsonde near the center of the extremely small eye. [33] The remaining convection continued to diminish, and by late on October 25 Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while located about 230 miles (370 km) southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and still at Category 1 intensity. [24], On October 22, the mid-level ridge to the north of Wilma essentially dissipated, leaving the hurricane drifting northward across the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula. [10] Deep convection continued to develop to the south of the center, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Wilma at 0600 UTC on October 17, while located about 200 miles (320 km) southeast of Grand Cayman. The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. This was due to unusually low pressures across the region, which resulted in a lesser pressure gradient and thus lighter winds. [1] Shortly after reaching hurricane strength, the hurricane began undergoing explosive deepening, after the development of a "pinhole" eye 9 miles (14 km) in diameter. Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin on record in terms of minimum barometric pressure, with an atmospheric pressure of 882 hPa (mbar, 26.05 inHg). Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Major Hurricane Wilma … Wilma developed in the Caribbean Sea just southwest of Jamaica on October 15 from a large area of disturbed weather. The pressure continued to fall as the Hurricane Hunters left the hurricane, and it is possible the pressure was slightly lower. On October 18, 2005, Wilma went from tropical storm to hurricane status. [15], Early on October 19, Wilma attained major hurricane status while continuing to rapidly intensify, and by 0600 UTC, the storm's maximum sustained winds increased to 165 mph (266 km/h), making Wilma a dangerous Category 5 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Wilma was a classic October hurricane which struck South Florida as a Category 3 hurricane on October 24th, 2005. The tropical cyclone moved erratically southwestward for two. Wilma became a hurricane and began a west-northwestward motion on the 18th. The weakening extratropical remnant turned to the east-northeast before being absorbed by another extratropical storm over Atlantic Canada on October 27. [1], The depression tracked slowly westward, a motion due to weak steering currents caused by a high pressure area to its north across the Gulf of Mexico. [1] The eye continued to contract to a diameter of about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km), the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane, and at 1200 UTC on October 19, Wilma attained peak winds of 185 mph (298 km/h). Convection continued to develop near the center and became much more symmetrical. National Hurricane Center forecaster James Franklin remarked, "Confidence at the later ranges [of the forecast track] was unusually low", due to wide divergences between computer models. After reaching tropical storm intensity on October 17 and then hurricane status on October 18, the system explosively deepened, peaking as the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic basin. Areas affected. On October 21, 2005, Wilma slowly crossed over Cozumel as a strong Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds reported at up to 230 kilometers per hour (144 miles per hour) by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). This small eye was surrounded by a ring of deep convection, with cloud-top temperatures of about −125 Â°F (−87 Â°C). Wilma slowly weakened as it drifted over the northeast Yucatan. ", "Hurricane Wilma Public Advisory Seventeen", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Resúmen de la temporada de ciclones tropicales 2005, 1ra parte", Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico), "Hurricane Wilma Discussion Twenty-Seven", "Resúmen del Huracán "Wilma" del Océano Atlántico", "Hurricane Wilma Special Discussion Thirty-Eight", "Tropical Storm Alpha Tropical Cyclone Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meteorological_history_of_Hurricane_Wilma&oldid=989698621, Meteorological histories of individual tropical cyclones, Articles with dead external links from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:19. It gradually became better organized, with the large 50 miles (80 km) eye becoming very distinct on satellite and radar imagery. It weakened slightly as it approached Florida, and made landfall at Cape Romano with winds of 120 mph (190 km/h) at around 1030 UTC on October 24. Uploaded originally because the file wouldn't play on my computer. Wilma's destructive journey began in the second week of October 2005. [1] By October 13, a broad area of low pressure developed and persisted about 150 miles (240 km) southeast of Jamaica,[2] possibly aided by the passage of tropical waves through the area at the time. Initially, the center of circulation was broad without a defined inner core; forecaster Lixion Avila remarked, "The area of minimum pressure could [have been] anywhere within 60 miles (97 km) of its [initial advisory position]." estimated 882 mb...while its very small eye was centered about 365, southeast of Cozumel. [1] Convection increased and became slightly better organized, though upper-level wind shear initially prevented development. ISS012-E-5235 (19 Oct. 2005) --- This image of Hurricane Wilma was taken at 8:22 a.m. CDT Wednesday, Oct. 19, by the crew aboard NASA's international space station as the complex flew 222 miles above the storm. [14] It continued to intensify, and at 1200 UTC on October 18, Wilma attained hurricane status while located about 225 miles (362 km) south-southeast of Grand Cayman. A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. Vertical wind shear increased as strong upper-level southwesterly flow increased, though in spite of the shear Wilma continued to intensify. This is the lowest pressure on record for a hurricane. 2 months ago. [8] Continued reconnaissance flights reported peak winds of about 30 mph (48 km/h). 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