Encyclopedia of Life; Littorina irrorata marsh periwinkle. ), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Subscribe Here. L. irrorata is also found of west of Florida extending along the Gulf Coast to Texas. No. Common Periwinkle (Littorina littorea)Alternate common names: Periwinkle, Winkle. Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. Littoraria irrorata (formerly Littorina irrorata), the marsh periwinkle, is common in the Spartina salt marshes of the southeastern United States (photo at http://www.jax.shells.org/litor.htm). L. irrorata . Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. Eight to ten gradually increasing flat whorls comprise the shell, with the body whorl measuring about half of the total height. • Periwinkles (Littorina irrorata), snails that crawl up and down marsh grasses. Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. Marsh periwinkles live inside of shells that they make.This marsh periwinkle snail has crawled out of the salt marsh and onto a boardwalk or wooden deck. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. (1989) The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. No drawings available for this family. Littorina irrorata: salt marsh periwinkle Habitat: Intertidal zones, rocky shores, tide pools, pilings, and rock jetties. Littorina irrorata is found in salt marshes that extend from Long Island, New York, south along the coast to central Florida. Also note the snout, characteristic of many prosobranch groups. The littorinid molluscs of mangrove forests in the Indo-Pacific region. The food substrate utilized most frequently in the field was dead Spartina alterniflora. Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. Such fungi are the preferred diet of the snail. Description. Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al., 1998: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.'. Additional Information. Confused by a class within a class or an order within an order? British Museum (Natural History), London. Reid D.G. Kingdom Animalia animals. America, the periwinkle Littorina irrorata Say is extremely common. The common name for members of the genus Littorina and its relatives is periwinkle. Seasonal appearance: All year. Some colonies of this species of snail are the only mollusks known to practice fungiculture. The typical belief was that the Common Periwinkle was introduced to North America from the ballasts of boats early on during the settlement of the northern coast of North America. Alexander SK (1979) Diet of the periwinkle Littorina irrorata in a Louisiana salt marsh. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 55:185-201. Color: Shell is dark in color, usually brown, black, or gray. Spartina . This study examined some of the biomechanical and energetic advantages of tracking in L. irrorata. Littorina irrorata is a common intertidal gastropod of the Chesapeake Bay region where it is found associated with the growth of Spartina. According to Bingham … Sign up to receive the latest news, content highlights, and promotions . Reddish-brown flecks appear on the spiral ridges of the shell. Rosenberg, G.; Moretzsohn, F.; García, E. F. (2009). Littorina irrorata is found in salt marshes that extend from Long Island, New York, south along the coast to central Florida. This study examined some of the biomechanical and energetic advantages of tracking in L. irrorata. Littoraria irrorata (Say, 1822). Geographic Range. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Their spiraling, grooved shell has a slightly pointed spire and varies in color from grayish-white to tan. Scientific Name: Common Name. Marsh Periwinkle Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) Synonyms: Littoraria irrorata. [5], Reid, David G. (2011). Join Our Mailing List. This species occurs in salt marshes on the Atlantic coast and Gulf Coast of North America, from Massachusetts to Texas. feeds largely on . Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at, "An Account of some of the Marine Shells of the United States", http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=419566, "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence", "The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littoraria_irrorata&oldid=993812186, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reid, D.G., Dyal, P. & Williams, S.T. Coloration of the shell is dull grayish white with tiny dashes of reddish brown on the ridges of the spiral. Plant communities in mesohaline marshes will change as sea-level rise shifts species from salt-intolerant (e.g., S. cynosuroides) plants to salt-tolerant (e.g., S. alterniflora) ones. BHL on Twitter. Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100: This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Members of the order Neotaenioglossa are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. L. irrorata is also found of west of Florida extending along the Gulf Coast to Texas. Anderson RR, Brown RG, Rappleye RD (1968) Water quality and plant distribution along the upper Patuxent River, Maryland. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. (Emerson and Jacobson, 1976; Rehder, 1981)Biogeographic Regions; nearctic; atlantic ocean; Habitat. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.' Newly hatched individuals appear between April and October with a peak in July; the immature winkles grow to merge with the adult cohort in May. This species occurs in salt marshes on the Atlantic coast and Gulf Coast of … Reid D.G. Desc: Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. … Littorina irrorata: salt marsh periwinkle (1986). It can reach densities of up to 100 (North Caro-lina; Stiven and Kuenzler 1979) or even 600 individuals per m2 (NW Florida, Hamilton 1976; Georgia, Arsuffi and Thorpe, pers. It is well-documented that marsh periwinkles (Littoraria irrorata) consume and inhabit smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), but their interactions with big cordgrass (Spartina cynosuroides) remain unknown. Size: 1 inch long and 3/4 inch wide. Journal/Book Name, Vol. The littorinid molluscs of mangrove forests in the Indo-Pacific region. Gulf Research Reports 6:293–295. irrorata. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 16:56. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. and D.K. bilateral symmetry. [6], The minimum recorded depth for this species is 0 metres (0 ft); maximum recorded depth is 22 metres (72 ft). The common periwinkle breaks down … This species can be found along Ireland, the Northwest Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. No. Chesapeake Science 9:145–156 . It creates and maintains wounds on the grass, Spartina alterniflora, which are then infected by fungi, probably of the Phaeosphaeria and Mycosphaerella genera. tidal zones; type-2 is more common at lower intertidal levels. Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. Reid, D.G., Dyal, P., & Williams, S.T. The shell is elongate conic in shape, longer than it is wide (Andrews 1994). Keep up to date with the latest news via these social media platforms. (2010). Many of the species of littorinids common to the western Atlantic are found in the IRL, including: the marsh periwinkle, Littorina irrorata; slender periwinkle, L. angustior; lineolate periwinkle, L. lineolata; white-spot periwinkle, L. meleagris; and the zebra periwinkle, L. ziczac. Both species achieve sizes of 2-3 cm and are large enough for dissection in introductory invertebrate zoology courses. Juvenile snails raised on uninfected leaves do not grow and are more likely to die, indicating the importance of the fungi in the diet of L. 579–699 in: Felder, D.L. This behavior, while allowing escape from predators, may also be correlated with the physiological responses of the organism to variations in physical factors typically found in an estuarine salt marsh. Gastropods of Order Caenogastropoda (Families Epitoniidae through Rissoidae) CLASS ORDER FAMILY GENUS/SPECIES; COMMON NAME Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Epitoniidae Geographic Range. comm.). The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.'. Name Synonyms Littorina carolinensis Conrad, 1863 Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) Littorina lunata H.C.Lea, 1845 Littorina sayi Reeve, 1858 Littorina sulcata Lamarck, 1822 Turbo irroratus Say, 1822 Homonyms Littoraria irrorata (Say, 1822) Common names marsh periwinkle in English Bibliographic References. They are closely related to the marsh periwinkle (Littorina irrorata), which is more common in salt marshes. Littorina irrorata AquaMaps Data sources: GBIF OBIS: Upload your photos Google image | No photo available for this species. The littorinid molluscs of mangrove forests in the Indo-Pacific region. L. irrorata also deposits faeces on the wounds that they create, which encourage the growth of the fungi because they are rich in nitrogen and fungal hyphae. The marsh periwinkle, Littorina irrorata, is an abundant snail in the salt marshes of the western Atlantic. In the 1960s, researchers found Littorina littorea shells in pre-Columbian mounds on Nova Scotia. 2009. Facebook. Please see our brief essay. Marsh periwinkles grow to 1 inch in length. 526. View in View Name Sources Download CSV Download BibTeX Bibliography for Littorina irrorata by Page Close Image. This is a marine snail, living on hard surfaces in the littoral zone. Google Scholar Beck MW, Heck KL Jr, Able KW, Childers DL, Eggleston DB, Gillanders BM, Halpern B, Hays CG, Hoshino … Note the eyes placed on protuberances next to the tentacles. Reid, D.G. This is a robust intertidal species with a dark and sometimes banded shell. Glossary. Twitter. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. Camp (eds. Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) – marsh periwinkle : Species: Littorina keenae Rosewater ... Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. Global diversification of mangrove fauna: a molecular phylogeny of Littoraria (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). The marsh periwinkle, Littorina irrorata, like many gastropods, can detect conspecific mucous trails and often follows them with polarity.Although trail‐following is a common component of L. irrorata's behavioral repertoire, the adaptive significance of this behavior is not evident. (2009). We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 324: 1-110. littorina ivorata (Say) is a grayish gibbous, intertidal snail common in salt marshes from New York to Texas. Littoraria irrorata, common name the marsh periwinkle, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae. Littorina irrorata (Say), the salt marsh periwinkle, is found in salt marshes bordering the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States from New York to Texas (Bequaert 1943). It is believed to be a grazer, feeding largely on plant detritus and epipelic algae (Odum and Smalley 1959; Stiven and Kuenzler 1979). The marsh periwinkle, Littorina irrorata, like many gastropods, can detect conspecific mucous trails and often follows them with polarity.Although trail‐following is a common component of L. irrorata's behavioral repertoire, the adaptive significance of this behavior is not evident. All of these species share a similar shell shape and an intertidal distribution. This species occurs in salt marshes on the Atlantic coast and Gulf Coast of … Scientific Name: Common Name. [3] The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.'. Journal/Book Name, Vol. Littoraria irrorata feeds on fungi that it encourages to grow. About Animal Names; Educational Resources; Special Collections; Glossary; Browse Animalia; More Information. [4], The maximum recorded shell length is 29.2 millimetres (1.15 in).[5]. The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.'. The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible whelk or sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family … Tucker et al. detritus (Alex- ander 1976, Stiven and Kuenzler 1979). Stay Connected. Marsh periwinkles live inside of shells that they make.This marsh periwinkle snail has crawled out of the salt marsh and onto a boardwalk or wooden deck. Littoraria irrorata Name Synonyms Littorina carolinensis Conrad, 1863 Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822) Littorina lunata H.C.Lea, 1845 Littorina sayi Reeve, 1858 Littorina sulcata Lamarck, 1822 Turbo irroratus Say, 1822 Homonyms Littoraria irrorata (Say, 1822) Common names marsh periwinkle in English Bibliographic References (Emerson and Jacobson, 1976; Rehder, 1981)Biogeographic Regions; nearctic; atlantic ocean; Habitat. The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible whelk or sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family Littorinidae, the periwinkles. The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible whelk or sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family … Tucker et al. Littorina obtusata is an epiphytic gastropod which lives for three to four years on its host Ascophyllum nodosum, a long-lived brown alga.Most of the population consists of adults, present throughout the year in the size range 14 to 17 mm. Common periwinkles use their foot to hold securely onto rocks when waves crash over them or marsh grasses when the tide rises. This species occurs in salt marshes on the Atlantic coast and Gulf Coast of … 833). The specific epithet irrorata means 'moistened' or 'dewy.' 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