no. But you shouldn’t be ashamed of being a woman; you should be comfortable being yourself. Please note that ISCO codes are unrelated to ANZSCO codes, which are the occupational classifications set out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics More about ISCO classifications:: <. The Service and Sales Workers occupational category provide personal and protective services related to travel, housekeeping, catering, personal care, protection against fire and unlawful acts; or demonstrate and sell goods in wholesale or retail shops and similar establishments, as well as at stalls and on markets. • Since 1995, the number of female solicitors has increased by 300.4 per cent (from 3,554 to 14,230) while the number of male solicitors has increased by only 59.1 per cent (9,243 to 14,705). The gap between the proportions of the workforce employed in managerial occupations for each gender widens with age. Only 46.5% of employed Australians work in gender mixed organisations. ** According to the ILO definition: The Managers occupations group includes: Chief Executives, Senior Officials and Legislators, Administrative and Commercial Managers, Production and Specialized Services Managers, Hospitality & Retail and Other Services Managers. “I think a lot of it is about perception,” she says. *Total remuneration includes base salary, superannuation, performance pay, bonuses and other discretionary pay. For example, a workplace with two male and eight female employees, or with one female and three male employees, could have a unisex toilet, because there are 10 or less employees in total, and two or less employees of one gender. Male to Female Ratio in California by Zip Code. When we look at the amount of time spent in paid work, it is important also to consider time that is spent on unpaid care work. While there has been some improvement since the bottom of the recession, gender diversity as of Q4 2016 was only just above pre-recession levels – th… But it wasn’t until years later, after encouragement from her university lecturer, that she realised it could be a genuine career move for a woman. Australia has very high female representation within the Clerical and Support Workers and Service and Sales Workers occupational categories. Despite the disproportionate gender ratio of women to men, the salary gap is [shockingly] the reverse! And unless people get more exposure to women in the industry things won’t change.”. Performance pay and other additional remuneration plays a greater role in male-dominated industries, leading to higher gender pay gaps for total remuneration. This university is ranked at #131 in male to female diversity nationwide. Female employees are paid less than male employees across all gender dominant classifications. 4. Note: Base salary and total remuneration exclude CEOs/Heads of Business in Australia. Men hold the majority of leadership roles, even in female-dominated industries. The industries with the highest proportion of women are 'health care and social assistance' (79%) and 'education and training' (72%), while men dominated the 'construction' (88%) and 'mining' (84%) industries (See Table 1.3). Many say that the figure is not surprising given the ‘male builder’ stereotypes that still exist, and that the construction industry needs to do more to attract women. Part of the problem is sexism; research shows that more than half of female construction workers said they were treated worse than men because of their gender. This college is ranked at #3,682 in male to female diversity nationwide. Note: Data is based on May as the reference period. Ratio of female to male labor force participation rate (%) (modeled ILO estimate) Derived using data from International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. “Building was in the family,” she says. Download. Table 4 shows the persistence of industrial gender-segregation over the last two decades. The undergraduate population is comprised of 13,599 males and 13,163 females. Please note that ISCO codes are unrelated to ANZSCO codes, which are the occupational classifications set out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics More about ISCO classifications:: <>. Although men dominate in leadership roles across all industries (including female-dominated industries), women hold a substantially higher percentage of CEO and key management personnel roles in female-dominated industries. Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. The bad news for women is that female-dominated jobs in those areas usually pay poorly and the cost of living is high, plus the majority of men are blue-collar workers. But like most girls, I never ever thought about it as a career option. Women make up just 11% of the entire workforce, but even this figure includes many who work behind a desk, often in design, management or secretarial roles. One-third of women older than 35 are still in junior positions. Of those, approximately 200,000 were employed in production occupations, such as laborers, electricians, … The undergraduate student body at Wellesley is majority female. Of all the people who work in construction, women comprise only a small 10.3 percent of the workforce. no. no. “The reason I set up Chicks With Bricks was because you just couldn’t find any female role models; they weren’t publicised. The OECD grouping is missing two of 36 countries (Canada and NZ). Broken down by type of employment, women made up 18.8 per cent of the directly employed part of the workforce, but just 4.2 per cent of the self-employed workers. *According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) definition: Craft and related trades workers apply specific technical and practical knowledge and skills to construct and maintain buildings; form metal; erect metal structures; set machine tools or make, fit, maintain and repair machinery, equipment or tools; carry out printing work; and produce or process foodstuffs, textiles, wooden, metal and other articles, including handicraft goods. However, women are substantially more likely to hold CEO or KMP roles in mixed industries and especially female-dominated industries. The proportion of women in traditionally female-dominated industries (Health Care and Social Assistance and Education and Training) has increased. Table 6 highlights the persistence of labour market gender-segregation by occupation between 1998 and 2018. However, Australia lags behind both comparison groups in Craft and Related Trades. But if you look at manual careers the proportion of women is absolutely minimal.”. You can download a printable version below: This paper looks at the features of ‘female-dominated’ and ‘male-dominated’ organisations, while highlighting the unequal distribution of women and men across industries and occupations. By the time I went to university, I was studying for what I thought would be the qualification to make my career out of. The male: female ratio in the construction industry is pretty poor there is no doubt about that. All Countries and Economies. “When I was a kid, I asked my dad for pocket money and he said I had to work to earn it. The disproportionate amount of time women spend on unpaid care work, arguably limits women’s capacity to engage in paid work and poses barriers to entering certain occupations – contributing to the gender segregation present in the Australian workforce today. 6291.0.55.003, viewed 19 November 2018, * National Employment Standard/Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard (the Standard). Looking for a job? “People are constantly surprised at my job. **Key management personnel (KMP) refers to those persons who have authority and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of the entity, directly or indirectly, including any director (whether executive or otherwise) of that entity. Male to Female Ratio in Los Angeles, CA by Zip Code: Los Angeles, CA Report: Male to Female Ratio 2.20: 0.78: Related Reports. ISCO classifications are managed by the International Labour Organization (ILO). The construction industry is the most male-dominated sector in Australia and it appears to be getting more gender-segregated. Table 1: Gender dominance across WGEA reporting organisations, 2018. Country. The undergraduate population is comprised of 60 males and 2,474 females. Qatar has the highest male ratio, with 2.87 males/female. Australia has a low female representation within the Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishing occupation group compared with the OECD average, but is notably higher than the UK. Declines in female representation are recorded in two male-dominated industries: Construction and Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Information Media and Telecommunications and the mixed industry: Financial and Insurance Services. Australia has low female representation among the Managers and Elementary Occupations occupational categories, with notably less female representation than the UK and OECD in the Elementary Occupations category. Some male-dominated industries (Construction and Transport) recorded a decline in female representation, while others (including Mining, and Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services) recorded growth. When you think of any male-dominated industry, construction is probably the first job that comes to mind. In 2016, the average total amount of hours men spent working was 53.3 hours per week. Occupations are ranked from largest proportion of female employees to smallest. Plant and machine operators and assemblers operate and monitor industrial and agricultural machinery and equipment on the spot or by remote control; drive and operate trains, motor vehicles and mobile machinery and equipment; or assemble products from component parts according to strict specifications and procedures. Data is sourced from the Workplace Gender Equality Agency’s (WGEA) dataset (2017-18 reporting period)*, the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS) Labour Force Quarterly Survey (May 1998 and May 2018 periods)**. However, the data shows just how deep-rooted the issue is: the female share of the sector workforce has … Female managers working in male-dominated organisations are more likely to earn salaries closer to. She’s now got skills that she’s gained that she can put to use in her career.”, So far, some 38% of those who have signed up for the VIY scheme have been female, according to its sponsors Wickes. The Australian labour market is highly gender-segregated by industry and occupation, a pattern that has persisted over the past two decades. Occupations are ranked from largest number of total average weekly hours worked to smallest. Many say that the figure is not surprising given the ‘male builder’ stereotypes that still exist, and that the construction industry needs to do more to attract women. If at all, differences in men’s and women’s innate spatial memories were reported to account for about a 2:1 ratio of male-female engineers. Source: International Labour Organisation (2019), Employees by sex and Occupation, viewed 15 April, available: <. *The Chief executive officer (CEO) or equivalent is the head of business in Australia. This is far higher than national averages for the industry; mentors say that is partly due to the community aspect of it where young people will be encouraged to join by their friends. The data retrieved in September 20, 2020. Australia, the UK and the OECD show broadly similar gender segregation patterns. On a further positive note, I am also proud to say that last year, Scape Group’s recruitment ratio was 47% female and 53% male. When you think of any male-dominated industry, construction is probably the first job that comes to mind. However, the potential is there to turn this around with the demand for new talent and publicising the wide range of roles that could appeal. I was lucky that he was quite forward-thinking and saw me as another worker – he knew I could muck in. Total remuneration includes base salary, superannuation, performance pay, bonuses and other discretionary pay. There are certain areas where things are a lot better, like the design industry. Mixed: Between 41%-59% women. Employees in female-dominated organisations have lower salaries on average, for base salary and total remuneration, when compared to male-dominated organisations. Available at:, **ABS (2018), Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, August 2018, cat.