of the gods Enki and Ea 2 appeared during the course of Mesopotamian history. Ea recited a spell that made Apsu sleep. He was the child of Ansar and Kisar, the very first set of gods and descendants of primordial beings. Marduk - Marduk was the primary god of the Babylonians and had Babylon as his main city. Enki's role in making Mesopotamian lands fertile and in civilizing its cities is recounted in important Sumerian literary texts from the second millennium BCE. Though his vast appetite for sexual conquest may bring his mores into question, he was very compassionate in nature. Ea stretches out his right hand towards an eagle. Clay tablets found in archeological excavations describe the cosmology, mythology and religious practices and observations of the tibme. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of the earth”). Cara - Cara - Shara - Anu and Inanna's son. The three most important deities in the Mesopotamian pantheon during all … ISBN 0-09-927367-5. Later in the myth Enki becomes gravely ill and Ninhursanga then gives birth to eight healing deities in order to cure him. He then killed Apsu and captured Mummu, his vizier. Shamash - The Assyrian version of Utu; Elil - The Assyrian version of Enlil. Though the story is incomplete, presumably the tablet was returned to Enki, and Ninurta was taught a valuable lesson regarding the corrupting nature of power. He was sometimes pictured with his pet dragon. Enki, or Ea (Akkadian), is the Mesopotamia god of fresh waters known as apsu. He is also significant in Akkadian mythology as the father of Marduk, the national god of Babylonia. The Sumerian god An became the Semitic Anu, while Enki became Ea, Inanna became Ishtar, and Utu became Shamash. Commonly translated as the ‘Lord of the Earth’, Enki had also been depicted as a deity of creation, crafts, intelligence and even magic. Wall reliefs from Ninurta's temple in the Neo-Assyrian city of Kalhu showing figures cloaked in the skin of a fish were (incorrectly) assumed to be representations of Ea during the early twentieth century. Marduk, Babylon’s god, for example, was known as Enki or Ea in Sumer. As Marduk, the champion of the young gods in their war against Tiamat, is of Babylonian origin, the Sumerian Ea/ Enki or Enlil is thought to have played the major role in the original version of the story. Enki/Ea God of Water and Wisdom General Information. From the other direction, Jean Bottéro has suggested that Ya of Ebla (a possible precursor of Yam) was equated with the Mesopotamian god Ea during the Akkadian Empire. Enlil was also known as the lord of the wind and the air. While the great gods of the pantheon were worshipped by priests at rituals in cultic centers, ordinary people had no direct contact with these deities. Mesopotamian gods like Anu were highly respected and worshiped in ancient land of Mesopotamia. Ea, the Akkadian counterpart of Enki, was the god of ritual purification: ritual cleansing waters were called “Ea’s water.” Ea governed the arts of sorcery and incantation. (gods in blue …mixed-breed demigods in teal...) (Enki’s creation = Heabani) The The reason for such a practice stands in the fact that too oft en the materials concerning the He was commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature, from which the modern astrological figure for Capricorn is derived. At first, he was no more than a local deity, but soon his worship was taken to another level. There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for every thing in the world, from rivers and mountains to making bread or pottery. A history of God: from Abraham to the present: the 4000-year quest for God. In Akkadian, Ea's name is commonly spelled dE2.A but it is unclear to which language this name belonged originally (Edzard 1965: 56). Mesopotamian Creator God Supreme Creator, God of Water and Half-fish The father of Marduk, he also created Adapa, the first human, out of wet mud. He was the wisest among the gods and the patron … Incantations, wisdom and cleaners In some stories he was also the form-giving god, and thus the patron of craftsmen and artists; he was known as the bearer of culture. As Enlil, the supreme Sumerian god, had no counterpart in the Semitic pantheon, his name remained unchanged. The first attestations of the god Enki date to the Early Dynastic IIIa period, where he is mentioned in the texts from Fara. Excavations at Eridu, however, have uncovered evidence of a tradition of shrines to Enki dating back to the founding of the city c. 5400 BCE. The traditions and beliefs about the Mesopotamian deity Enki/Ea – the god of water, wisdom, magic, and creation – formed a major part of the … Children. Her husband Absu is killed by them so that they could take over the throne. He was a favourite god amongst diviners TT  (bārû) and exorcist priests TT  (ašipÅ«) as he is the ultimate source of all ritual knowledge used by exorcists to avert and expel evil. [21] As Marduk, the champion of the young gods in their war against Tiamat, is of Babylonian origin, the Sumerian Ea/Enki or Enlil is thought to have played the major role in the original version of the story. There is a presumed relationship between the Adapa myth and the bible. Marduk, given control of the four winds by the sky god Anu, is told to let the winds whirl. Mesopotamian Gods & Kings Mesopotamian Artifacts & Texts Menu Skip to content. But the supreme god Enlil attempted to destroy Ea's newly created humans with a devastating flood, because their never-ending noise prevented him from sleeping. Enki is associated with the city of Eridu [~/images/Eridu.jpg] on the southern Mesopotamia. Enki was the son of the god An, or of the goddess Nammu (Kramer 1979: 28-29, 43) and a twin brother of Adad. There is a presumed relationship between the Adapa myth and the bible. As we fleetingly mentioned before in the earlier entry, Enki (known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology), was one of the other important Mesopotamian gods of the supreme triad. Ninurta, however, decided to keep it for himself rather than return it to Enki. They promptly assemble, declare hint king, and send him forth, armed With his winds and Storms. In one Neo-Assyrian prayer against evil from the city of Huzirina, a man named Banitu-tereš asks Ea to remove the "evil of ominous conditions (and) bad, unfavourable signs" that are present in his house because he is "constantly terrified" of what will happen (STT 1, 67). Ninhursag. It may have denoted the floating of the body down the river into the canebrakes. – UNALTERED! Anu was also known as An, or the ‘King of the gods’. Enki is depicted as a bearded man surrounded by flowing water (Foster, 151). (BM 124573). Enki is depicted as a bearded man surrounded by flowing water (Foster, 151). Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters The Mesopotamian scribes compiled long lists of their gods. Consort. Enki and Inana (ETCSL 1.3.1) tells of a fight for power between Enki and Inana, the goddess of sex and war. There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for every thing in the world, from rivers and mountains to making bread or pottery. Myths & Legends. Enki’s son, Marduk, the storm god, finally kills her. As we fleetingly mentioned before in the earlier entry, Enki (known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology), was one of the other important Mesopotamian gods of the supreme triad. View large image on the British Museum's website. His name is an Akkadian loanword from Sumerian "umun", which translates as "main body, bulk, life-giving force" and "knowledge" as the active part in contrary to the more lethargical primordial forces Tiamat and Apsu (Sumerian Abzu).. He despairs and will not attack Anzu after Anzu has stolen the Tablets of Destinies from Enlil. His symbols are a winged disc and the bow and arrow. In the Babylonian myth of 'Adapa', he was one of the gods who guarded the gates of Heaven. Its roots lie in the prehistory of Sumerian civilization, before the invention of writing or the formation of city-states. Ashur (Assur) - The primary god of the Assyrians. Updates? At Eridu he was known as Enki and later, at of the gods Enki and Ea 2 appeared during the course of Mesopotamian history. He is above all a warrior: several myths relate his formidable fights and victories. The gods, stunned by the prospect of death, called on the resourceful god Ea to save them. The terrified gods turn to Ea's son Marduk for help. The The reason for such a practice stands in the fact that too oft en the materials concerning the Like most sky gods, Anu, although theoretically the highest god, played only a small role in the mythology, hymns, and cults of Mesopotamia. The Old Babylonian god list (the "de Genouillac list", TCL 15, 10, lines 410-413) possibly indicates that Lugalirra was married to a deity named Ku'annesi, and Meslamtaea to Ninšubur, otherwise known as the goddess Inana's or An's minister (Lambert 1987-90: 144), though whether these deities were listed as couples in this list has to remain uncertain. The copy found at Ashur has the god Ashur in … Ishtar - Similar to Inanna, she was goddess of love and war. (Robson 2010a; Foster 2005: 643-644). They were the heroes of old, men of renown…” (semi-divine mixed-breeds, the 1st kings of Mesopotamia) Enki’s Giant Semi-Divine Mixed-Breed Sons Noah & Enlil-bani, Texts: (A MUST READ! He then killed Apsu and captured Mummu, his vizier. He is the god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and crafts. Mummu is a Mesopotamian deity. He is the god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and crafts. Welcome to mesopotamiangods.com, Where History & Modern Man Began; Ea / Enki Quotes From Texts. Another name for Enkidu. They cover a period from the 3rd to the 1st millennium BCE. Enki: EN.KI-GA.KAM2; d40; d60; dEN.KI; dIDIM, dnu-dím-mud, dnin-ši-kù, Ruth Horry, 'Enki/Ea (god)', Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses, Oracc and the UK Higher Education Academy, 2016 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/enki/], http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/enki/, View large image on the British Museum's website, Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Royal Inscriptions, The Corpus of Ancient Mesopotamian Scholarship, Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Parents. Prayers for success in divination and protection of kings also invoked Ea. Marduk, Lahar, Ashnan, Ninsar, Ningal. Ea is the god of the fresh waters known as 'apsu' on which the Earth floats. Ea / Enki = Anu ‘s eldest son, born by Urash / Nammu (Texts: All Artifacts, Color Coding, & Writings in Bold Type With Italics Inside Parenthesis, are Added by Editor R. Brown, not the Authors, Translators, or Publishers!) Ea-bani Babylonian. Ea's creatures Oracc - Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses - Ea. In the Middle and Late Bronze Age, there are also strong Hurrian and Mitannite influences upon the Canaanite religion. Genesis 6:4 “The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. In the myth Adapa and the South Wind, Ea helps humanity keep the gift of magic and incantations by preventing Adapa from becoming immortal (Foster 2005: 525-530; Izre'el 2001; Michalowski 1980). At play, Marduk made noise again, disturbing Tiamat and the other old gods, who urged her to a final battle. They were the heroes of old, men of renown…” (semi-divine mixed-breeds, the 1st kings of Mesopotamia) Enki’s Giant Semi-Divine Mixed-Breed Sons Noah & Enlil-bani, Texts: (A MUST READ! Until recently, however, many of the more explicit details have been suppressed in modern translations (see Cooper 1989; Dickson 2007). Alternative Title: An Anu, (Akkadian), Sumerian An, Mesopotamian sky god and a member of the triad of deities completed by Enlil and Ea (Enki). In the Sumerian myth “Enki and the World Order,” Enki is said to have fixed national boundaries and assigned gods their roles. In the belief system of the Sumerians, Enki (known also as Ea by the Akkadians and Babylonians) was regarded to be one of the most important deities. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of the earth”). The Oxford Companion to World Mythology. Anu was represented by the number 60, Enlil by 50, Ea by 40, Sin, the moon god, by 30, Shamash by 20, Ishtar by 15, and Adad, the god of storms, by 6. Incantations who resides in the prehistory of Sumerian civilization, before the invention of writing or the formation of.... 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