Census questions, geographic areas, and citations to and detailed contents of census publications for each of the first eleven (1790-1890) censuses. She and her husband live in Virginia. View a map of the 14 states of the 1790 census and see the questions asked. There are 2 exact matches to my family name along with addresses in the 1790 census data. The questions—over 600 in total—tell us a lot about the country’s priorities, norms, and biases in each decade. The 1790 census called for the name of the family head; the number of free white males of sixteen years and older; the number of free white males under sixteen; the number of free white females; the number of slaves; the number of other persons; and sometimes the town or district of residence. Learn how your comment data is processed. © 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. https://www.archives.gov/research/census/microfilm-catalog/1790-1890/part-02 As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790.The 2010 United States census was the previous census completed. Is there any chance that this original household order record could have been saved? How many states were counted in the first census? Across the top of the sheet were several organizational questions: Number of dwelling house in the order of visitation by enumerator. The law required that every household be visited and that completed census schedules be posted in “two of the most public places within [each jurisdiction], there to remain for the inspection of all concerned . Neither paper nor form was ever supplied to these marshals, and this accounts for the differences in the copies of the available census. The 1790 census asked five questions: the number of free white males over 16 years old, free white males under 16, free white females, other, and number of slaves. Your email address will not be published. ((The census for the following states were burned during the War of 1812: Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia. The 1850 census form called for the number of the dwelling house and family in order of visitation; each person's name, age, sex, and color; the territory or country of his or her birth; whether the person attended school or was married within the year; whether the person could read or write if over age twenty; whether the person was deaf-mute, blind, insane, or 'idiotic'; whether or not the person was a fugitive from the state; and real estate value of the dwelling house. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1900-1940. I believe the tagged image on how to read the 1790 census has interchanged the number of free white males over 16 with the free white males under 16. Over the years, Congress has authorized additional questions, enabling us to better understand the nation's inhabitants and their activities and needs. Number of Free White Males under Sixteen Years. 1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. All persons in the U.S. age 18 years and older are legally obligated to answer census questions, and to do so truthfully (Title 13 of the United States Code). 1790 is the only census where the “Schedules” were transcribed and printed. The following questions were those included on the Population Schedule for the 1790 Census. Nearly one-third of the original 1790 Census returns have been lost or destroyed. Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the … Number of free White females. People wouldn’t send it back in fear of being deported, so it would be even more unreliable. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In it you can find the number of members of the family, their approximate age, and their sex. Due to it’s early nature the 1790 census provides the littlest of “meat” for the genealogist as it only names the head of the household and provides a range of ages for all other occupants of the house. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The six inquiries in 1790 called for the name of the head of the family and the number of persons in each household of the following descriptions: Free White males of 16 years and upward (to assess the country's industrial and military potential) Free White males under 16 … Name of the head of the household or the head of the family. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). The first six census inquiries in 1790 called for questions on gender, race, relationship to the head of household, name of the head of household, and the number of slaves, if any. Required fields are marked *. The marshals then incorporated these inquiries into “schedules” of their own design. Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990 (Washington, 1989), 20–21; Edward Jarvis, William Brigham, and J. Wingate Thornton, Memorial of the American Statistical Association Praying the Adoption of Measures for the Correction of Errors in the Returns of the Sixth Census. You see, James is one of my favorite ancestors. . 1790 Census Population Results As Secretary of State in 1790, Thomas Jefferson was chief administrator of the first census. The population in 1790 numbered fewer than four million living among the thirteen original states. We looked at every question on every census from 1790 to 2020. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Best wishes, It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. Take everything with a grain of salt–not as the absolute truth. Number of slaves. The census nowadays, if they end up adding the question about citizenship, would be unfair. Number of persons in the dwelling house. 1990 Population questions . Here’s a quick look at the types of information collected by the U.S. Census over the years. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It’s unreliable and you would have to have a lot of information to prove it accurate. Number of Slaves. All types of vital and census records are flawed; it’s the nature of the beast. heads of families Under age 16 The U.S. Government did not furnish uniform printed schedules until 1830. While it does not provide names, or exact ages, the 1790 census does provide an idea of the composition of each family. .” and that “the aggregate amount of each description of persons” for every district be transmitted to the President. Number of all other Free persons. Your email address will not be published. So the names next to your ancestor might be the neighbors. The 1790 census provides clues to our ancestor’s family and neighborhood. A: 5 B: 13. Can you suggest the next move to find the country they or their parents or grandparents arrived from please? In 1790, the census also categorized white males by age: those under age 16 and those age 16 and older. The graphic under the heading “1790 Census Record at a Glance” is incorrect: it reverses the labels on the first two columns. The 1790 census covered the following states: Schedules for some counties are missing in states that remain extant. The family name is EMMINS: would your experience lead you to suggest a Polish, German, or other (Please specify)heritage? ©The Generations Network 2007 To search the 1790 census online, visit www.ancestry.com Ancestry Census Form 001 county city page names of heads of families free white males of 16 years & upwards, including heads of families free white males under 16 years free white females including heads of families all other free persons slaves. The content of the census directly indicates the name of the head of household, and the location of the family, but indirectly can be used to direct future research. Census Enumeration of Pueblo Indians, 1790-1939 Spanish and Mexican Census Records. Name of Head of Household (First / Last) Number of Free White Males of Sixteen Years and upwards. 1790. I WAS SHOCKED TO FIND OUT THAT THE RESULTS WERE FALSE BECAUSE THE DNA CANNOT BE TESTED IN POLAND WHERE MY ENTIRE FAMILY ALL SIDES COME FROM SINCE WAY BACK IN THE 1700. The hope was that those who viewed them while they were posted, would check for accuracies or omissions. Examples of different 1790 census records: On FamilySearch.org, you can search the 1790 United States census for free. When you reach out to him or her, you will need … The census also asked the occupation of males over t… View larger image 1790 Census Schedule (PDF 844KB) Image courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration The 2020 Census marks the 24th time that the United States has conducted a decennial count. Researchers who have identified a slave holder of a possible ancestor should then consult probate or tax records for possible further identity of specific individuals. 1820 Census Questions. In 1880 for instance, the Census asked 26 questions about everything from marital status to literacy. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In 1790, assistant marshals listed the name of each head of household, and asked the following questions: The number of free White males aged: under 16 years. Only a fool would trust one unless they had extremely strong evidence that’s it’s true. ((Maine was part of Massachusetts at the time of the 1790 census.)). The 1790 census has the following information about each household a census taker visited: 1790 census records will also have a location written somewhere on the page to indicate where that census was taken. Thank you for any input/ suggestions/advice. He certified the results reported by marshals and assistants in the original 13 States plus the districts of Kentucky, Maine, Vermont, and the Southwest Territory (Tennessee). Because of this variability, individual 1790 census forms may look slightly different from one another. A: 5 B: 13 Correct! This was designed to determine the country's industrial and military capabilities. Number of Free White Females. How to find your family in the 1790 U.S. census. 1790 Census Questions Asked. The search results will show you information that has been extracted from the record (such as names and locations), and you can also see the actual images of the census records. Enumeration. The census location and head of household name can help you identify your family on a 1790 census record and give you clues about where the family lived. This publication includes census records for New York State from 1790 Number of other free persons. On 2 August 1790, shortly after the inauguration of President Washington, the first enumeration commenced. The 1790 census instructed the marshals to identify, by age brackets, free white males sixteen years of age or older and those under sixteen. Quick Links to Questions from Population Schedules of other U.S. Census Years 1790 • 1800 • 1810 • 1820 • 1830 • 1840 • 1850 • 1860 1870 • 1880 • 1890 • 1900 • 1910 • 1920 • 1930 • 1940. The first census count was conducted in 1790. Census results are used by members of public and private groups-including community organizations-and by businesses and industries, as well as by agencies at all levels of government. Your email address will not be published. Genealogists throughout the world will be happy to know that marshals utilized a uniform, printed schedule when tallying the 1830 U.S. census. The census forms should still contain the same basic information, but you might find some records with information beyond what was required by Congress. Dirk Its me Rhonda my ss# is still in your last name that’s all I have left of you I loved you so much still do I will be going to heaven soon I am very sick god takes good care of me I wish you were still here I miss you so much honey I hope you will be waiting for me love you babe , forever and till we meet again forever my love in my heart will always be there .Rhonda lynn Stephenson that is still my name, Censes records are extremely unreliable and flawed. 1790 FEDERAL CENSUS MICROFILM SERIES STATE TOWN/TOWNSHIP P.O. Looking at an image, you can find your ancestor’s name, how many people were in the household, and what the makeup of the household was (male or female, old or young, slave or free). Finding James Harward in the 1790 census was such a thrill for me. Marshals in some states went beyond these questions and collected data on occupation and the number of dwellings in a city or town. Questions pertaining to the household number of children and country or origin didn't come until later census years. A: 1790 B: 1820 Question 2 of 8 . Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1985. Federal censuses of New York State have been taken decennially since 1790. DATE OF ENUMERATION County City Page Head of Family Free White Males Free White Females Including Heads of Families All Other Persons 16 & up Slaves incl. 1790 to 1840. Congress assigned the duties of the enumeration to the marshals of US judicial districts. Suzanne Schulze. Number of free white females, including heads of families. Sharon is a retired IT executive and enjoys keeping up with and writing about advancements in genealogy-related technology. Your email address will not be published. The original 1790 census questions were a window into another time. ICPSR)). If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Find your ancestors in the first US census. Hi, i ‘m from Australia. Records of the Malone Methodist Episcopal Church at Madison MD, 1883-1893, 1885-1977 Baptism and Marriage Records, Bethlehem Methodist Episcopal Church, Dorchester County, Maryland, Number of Free White males of 16 years and upward, Number of Free White males under 16 years, Number of All other free persons (by sex and color). The census record for my ancestor is listed in alphabetic order. ALL my family was still in Germany in 1790…….only came in late 1800’s. Number of free white males ages 16 years and older, including heads of families. These boilerplate documents offer an ease of readability never experienced before. By using other resources, such as vital records, wills, and land records you can establish further details on each person in the household, and compile further information like their exact name, birth, … This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Number of families in the dwelling house. But they are great clues to your family and can be used as steppingstones to further information. The Harward family line was one of the first family lines I traced back as a new genealogist. Number of free white males under 16 years of age. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Early versions of the U.S. Census were pretty basic in that they included few questions. The State also took electoral censuses (see p, 22) in 1790, 1795, 1801, 1807, 1814 and 1821. 1930 Census Questions. 1790 Census - Maine [Bookmark This Page] [Link To This Page] State Maine (Home) 1790 Census (24) 1800 Census (4) 1810 Census (3) 1820 Census (5) 1830 Census (6) 1840 Census (6) 1850 Census (10) 1860 Census (7) 1870 Census (5) 1880 Census (5) 1890 Census (1) 1900 Census (4) 1910 Census (1) 1920 Census (1) 1930 Census (0) County Statewide (13) Androscoggin (0) Aroostook (8) Cumberland … This would clearly be a transcript of the original record taken in household order. State censuses were taken at ten-year intervals from 1825 through 1875 and again in 1892, 1905, 1915 and 1925. Although the handwriting might seem hard to decipher at first, 1790 census forms are simple and can be very easy to navigate. Alyson. She is currently serving as a writing missionary for FamilySearch. It is presumed that the Secretary of State (Thomas Jefferson), acting under the authority of the President (George Washington), sent the marshals within each state, copies of the census act, and the required inquiries. The following questions were those included on the Population Schedule for the 1930 Census. It is a unique and valuable genealogical research … In fact, one of the nation's founders, James Madison, suggested that the census takers ask additional questions that would help … Background. An alternate title for the volumes is: Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790. As a result census returns may vary, and sometimes give more … The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker: Free white males 16+ Free white males under 16; Free white females; Other free persons (including Indians who were taxed) Slaves ; Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the National … Although the National Archives rarely has records other than those created by the United States Federal government, we have a bound volume published by the New Mexico Genealogical Society shelved with the census book indexes in the Research Center in the National Archives Building containing … The first-ever Federal U.S. census only contained six questions on the census form and initially intended to collect statistical numbers. A… Required fields are marked *. Census takers for the 1790 census actually created their own forms, following instructions from Congress. Each marshal and/or their assistant was responsible for copying and posting the census in two public places in their assigned areas. The 1790 census provides the earliest look at our ancestors in the census records. The arrangement of families on a census schedule was normally in the order in which the census taker visited the households. Finding your ancestor in the 1790 census can put you on the path to important discoveries about your family! https://www.familysearch.org/blog/en/1790-census-form-questions To learn more about searching the census, read “How to Find Families in the 1790 Census” on the FamilySearch blog. You are correct and this website is incorrect. (Schedules are the sheets filled out by the census taker and have the names and information about persons). A 1790 census record can give you a small snapshot into your 1790 ancestor’s family and lifestyle. The 1790 Census volumes are available in print. Number of all other free persons in the household (. The 1990 census must count every person at his or her "usual residence." The Census in 1830. The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. Less handwritten notations increase legibility overall. of 16 years and upward. This is an absurd way to count the people in our country. It was a brand new country at the time, and this census, though brief and simple, shows what the population of the nation looked like right after its formation. Use this quick guide to help you find your early U.S. ancestors in the census and learn a little more about them. I HAD MY DNA TESTED ON ANCESTRY AND ON BOTH FAMILY TREE DNA KITS. Columns and rows of tally marks lined up. They asked for the name of the head of the household and just headcounts for everyone else. Norms, and website in this browser for the 1790 census does an... Returns have been saved 14 States of the original record taken in household.. 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Back in fear of being deported, so it would be unfair alphabetic order missing in States that extant. Headcounts for everyone else sheet were several organizational questions: number of of... Please contact your teacher ; it ’ s the nature of the available census. ) ) census form initially... ; it ’ s time that the United States has conducted a decennial count years of age own,! Accuracies or omissions census provides the earliest look at our ancestors in the copies of household... Is one of my favorite ancestors have a lot of information collected by U.S.... New genealogist a decennial count on a census schedule was normally in the Year 1790 time! Families on a census schedule was normally in the order of visitation by.! Total—Tell us a lot of information collected by the census taker and have names. Classroom presentation, please contact your teacher because of this variability, individual 1790 census was such thrill... A thrill for me age: those under age 16 and older to. Census volumes: 1900-1940 usual residence. ’ t send it back in of.