After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. ANTIPATER. He retained this position even when Alexander and Aristobulus(Herod's sons by Mariamne) rose i… He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. by Ansley Champlin. Corrections? His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). Antipater is the name of Herod the Great's father 0 rating rating ratings . One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ... 15:15–24). Hérode Antipas II, ou Hérode Antipater, en hébreu הורדוס אנטיפס, en grec ancien Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, « Hêrôdês Antipatros » (21 av. He was convicted of high treason and Herod sent a request to Caesar to have him executed. Antipater (ca. Recalled in 29 BCE. During the conflict between the two triumvirs Octavian and Antony, the heirs to Caesar’s power, Herod supported his friend Antony. Herod at this time changed his will and completely expunged Antipater… He plots with his uncle Pheroras, Pheroras’ women and his own mother but not with Salome, his aunt. 2. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Herod the Great. Antipater was from Edom. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. The prophet had been publicly criticizing him for divorcing his first wife, the daughter of the Nabatean king, Aretas IV, in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I3 (Mt 14:1-5; Josephus Antiquities 18.5.1). Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. He had to repress a revolt, became involved in a quarrel with his Nabataean neighbours, and finally lost the favour of Augustus. His cause of death is debated, but it is known that he was in both mental and physical disorder in his final years and that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. While Antipas wanted to kill the Baptizer, he feared the people, who revered John as a prophet, and chose to imprison him instead. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. They intermarried with Nabateans, Jews, and other nearby ruling families, dominating the political fortunes, 1. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. Click here to view or print the above bible study Herod the Great – Father of the Herodian Family. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Herod-king-of-Judaea, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Herod, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Herod, Herod - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Antipater was killed by his father five days before Herod's own death according to Josephus. He and… Herod endowed his realm with massive fortresses and splendid cities, of which the two greatest were new, and largely pagan, foundations: the port of Caesarea Palaestinae on the coast between Joppa (Jaffa) and Haifa, which was afterward to become the capital of Roman Palestine; and Sebaste on the long-desolate site of ancient Samaria. According to Josephus (Ant. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. Looking to help your church and family stay connected to the Word while social distancing?Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources. and Costobaros . His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his wife Queen Alexandra Salome ruled for a while. Please try again soon. He had 14 children. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. He served as a soldier and diplomat under the kings Perdiccas III (365-360) and Philip II (360-336) and seems to have developed a personal interest in the education of the latter's crown prince Alexander. Herod's grandfather and father held prominent political offices in Judea and established close relations with the Romans, the unquestioned world power during that time. After the Maccabees overthrew their Seleucid oppressors and established an independent Israel, (2) the son of Jason (1), sent with Numenius to try to reestablish relations between the Syrians and the Jews (, The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5. Father: Antipater The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. In 47 B.C.E. In 43 BCE Antipater was assassinated by a political rival. Eldest son of Herod the Great and of the Idumean Doris, who soon after Antipater's birth was discarded by her husband; born about 38 B.C. As Herod’s oldest son, he had complained that his father’s life was dragging on so long that he would be an old man by the time he became king. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater (ca. The great outer court, 35 acres (14 hectares) in extent, is still visible as Al-Ḥaram al-Sharīf. The father of Herod the Great. Antipater was much disliked by most of the Jews of Palestine but managed to remain a leading political figure during the early Roman, All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). Herod defeated him, and secured the continuity of the line of Hyrcanus by marrying his daughter Mariamme. Because he trusted Herod, Antony set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. was de oudste zoon van Herodes de Grote, het enige kind van zijn eerste vrouw Doris.Hij was vernoemd naar zijn grootvader van vaders kant, Antipater van Idumea.Tussen 43 en 40 v. Chr. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. 0 rating rating ratings . In Jerusalem he built the fortress of Antonia, portions of which may still be seen beneath the convents on the Via Dolorosa, and a magnificent palace (of which part survives in the citadel). Herod, born in southern Palestine, was the son of Antipater, an Edomite whom Julius Caesar later appointed procurator of Judaea. But statues were forbidden Jews and no likenesses were to be used on coins, either. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. Herod the Great was king of Judaea from 37 BCE to 4 BCE, appointed by the Roman Empire after its Senate equipped him with an army to fight off a Parthian invasion. In 41 BCE Markus Antonius (Mark Antony) visited Palestine and met Herod. There was an error while trying to create your account. Antipater and his son, Herod, both became friends with Mark Antony during this time. He continued to do so even when Antony’s mistress, Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt, used her influence with Antony to gain much of Herod’s best land. Herod the Great died of natural causes in 4 BCE. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (first century C.E. In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antipater was imprisoned when his father became convinced Antipater sought to usurp him, and the son was executed five days before his father died from a painful disease. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. Antipater. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. First, to his niece Mariamne III, daughter of Aristobulus IV (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVII, Chapter 1:2). Antipater and his sons had to take harsh measures to get the money, and in the ensuing troubles, Antipater was killed. Herod patronized the Olympic Games, whose president he became. At Herodium in the Judaean desert Herod built a great palace, which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb. In the end Herod murdered Mariamne, her two sons, her brother, her grandfather, and her mother, a woman of the vilest stamp who had often aided his sister Salome’s schemes. Herod Antipas is arguably most famous for beheading John the Baptist. His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. He altered his will three times and finally disinherited and killed his firstborn, Antipater. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. With Roman help, Herod killed his father's murderer. According to Josephus (Ant. Herod’s Father, Antipater laid the foundations for his Son’s future. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… On his deathbed Herod discovered that his eldest son, Antipater, whom Josephus calls a "monster of iniquity", had been plotting against him. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. The father of Herod the Great. Herod was made the Governor of Galilee before his father was assassinated in 43 BCE. The Nabateans are known as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it. Despite his affection for Mariamne, he was prone to violent attacks of jealousy; his sister Salome (not to be confused with her great-niece, Herodias’s daughter Salome) made good use of his natural suspicions and poisoned his mind against his wife in order to wreck the union. In 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E.) The slaying, shortly before his death, of the infants of Bethlehem was wholly consistent with the disarray into which he had fallen. In the year 37 bce, at the age of 36, Herod became the unchallenged ruler of Judaea, a position he was to maintain for 32 years. Antipater was from Edom. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. Antipater (also known as Antipas), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. Thus, Herod was of Arab origin, although he was a practicing Jew. Omissions? Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a distinct party after the Maccabean revolt of 165-160 BC. He proceeded to accuse him before the governor of Syria and obtained leave from Augustus to put him to death. To further solidify his power, he divorced his first wife, Doris, sent her and his son away from court, and married Mariamne, a Hasmonean princess. His mental instability, moreover, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own family. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. J.-C. à 39. Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. Herod the Great (born 73 or 74 BCE, died 4 BCE in Jericho, was an Edomite (a Semitic group from the region between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba[7]) client king of the Roman provinces of Judea, Galilee and Samaria (near present-day [Nablus]). Recalled in 29 BCE. Herod became the close friend of Augustus’s great minister Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, after whom one of his grandsons and one of his great-grandsons were named. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Herod the Great was known for consolidating Roman rule over and advancing the Hellenization of Judaea. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ; Cypros . The Virgin Orphan as the Wife of Archelaus Unlike Graves, Raymond specifies that Mary was the unnamed daughter of He built the city of Sebaste on the site of ancient Samaria as well as the port city of Caesarea and rebuilt the Temple of Jerusalem. Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. Palestine during the time of Herod the Great and his sons. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. He was given the title of Tetrarch (“ruler of a quarter”), although he was sometimes known as King Herod, as his father had been (Mk 6:14). Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. Julius Caesar also favoured the family; he appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea in 47 bce and conferred on him Roman citizenship, an honour that descended to Herod and his children. Herod. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. The Western Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, all that remains of the retaining wall surrounding the Temple Mount. When Pompey (106–48 bce) invaded Palestine in 63 bce, Antipater supported his campaign and began a long association with Rome, from which both he and Herod were to benefit. After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. Antipater was from Edom . (first century C.E. He had intended to bestow the Nabataean kingdom on Herod as well, but, by the time that throne fell vacant, Herod’s mental and physical deterioration made it impossible. Unfortunately, there was a dark and cruel streak in Herod’s character that showed itself increasingly as he grew older. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. Named in honour of his … The Nabateans are known as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it. Josephus also describes the beheading o… -Antipater: Father of Jesus? He lived in Rome. Executed in 4 BCE. Six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee. He allied his family with Rome. Herod’s father had married into some wealth and nobility. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Antipater . He was responsible for building projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and for the construction of his capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. He also embellished foreign cities—Beirut, Damascus, Antioch, Rhodes—and many towns. Author Joseph Raymond supports this hypothesis as a fact. was appointed procurator of Judea. When he mistakenly thought that Herod had died, he evidenced great joy. Herod was born in southern Palestine. xiv.1.3) he was the son of a noble Idumean, to whom the government of that district had been given by Alexander Janneus and his queen Alexandra, at whose court he was raised. Besides Doris and Mariamne, Herod had eight other wives and had children by six of them. Antipater II (ca. In 40 bce the Parthians invaded Palestine, civil war broke out, and Herod was forced to flee to Rome. Augustus gave him the oversight of the Cyprus copper mines, with a half share in the profits. Antipater continued to court Roman support wisely, cannily siding with Julius Caesar rather than his old ally, Pompey, during the Roman civil wars. He flourished in the days of Pompey and Julius Caesar, was a firm friend of the Romans, and about the year 47 B.C. Herod’s mother was the daughter of a noble from Petra, the centre of a rising Nabataean polity. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great s first born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. He married his relative, Herodias, who later divorced him to marry Herod Antipas. His most grandiose creation was the Temple, which he wholly rebuilt. – 4 v. liet Herodes zich van zijn moeder scheiden om te trouwen met Mariamne en werd hij met zijn moeder verbannen. Mariamne III the Virgin, granddaughter of Mariamne the Queen betrothed widow of Antipater The daughter of King Antigonus married to Antipater…unnamed but also newly widowed who, if she was then Archelaus’ wife, would now be known to be a Mariamne. Some time later, we read of the infamous event. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ( 1 Macc 12:16 ; 14:22 ; Josephus, Antiquities , 13:169 ). (first century C.E. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. See Antipater (disambiguation) for other people of this name. Important details of his biography are gleaned from the works of the 1st century CE Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. He backed Pompey’s conquering of Israel in 63 BC. He was poisoned in 43 B.C. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern Jordan), at that time the capital of the rising Arab Nabataean kingdom. Note that Herod the Great had a father and a grand-father by the name of “ Antipater”. 46 v. Chr. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. xiv.1.3) he was the son of a noble Idumean, to whom the government of that district had been given by Alexander Janneus and his queen Alexandra, at whose court he was raised. Historically, Antipater III was the eldest son of Herod the Great by his first wife Doris. Antipas ruled from Herod the Great’s death in either 4BC or 1 BC 1 until he was deposed by Caligula in AD 39. The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. Antipater is not mentioned in the Bible, but as the ancestor of the Herods he is important, and he was a key figure in the last days of Jewish independence and the early days of the Roman occupation. J.-C.– 39 ap. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). As a reward, Caesar made Antipater a Roman citizen in 47 BC- and appointed him the Governor of Judea. In 43, Hyrcanus' nephew Antigonus tried to obtain the throne. Although the union was directed at ending his feud with the Hasmoneans, a priestly family of Jewish leaders, he was deeply in love with Mariamne. Herod made his political debut in the same year, when his father appointed him governor of Galilee. Antipater married … Hyrcanus became king, while Antipater acted as the power behind the throne. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) Both the emperor and the minister paid him state visits, and Herod twice again visited Italy. The senate there nominated him king of Judaea and equipped him with an army to make good his claim. Yet Antipater schemed to kill his father. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Also Known As: "son of Costobarus & Salome" Birthdate: estimated between 52BCE and 4BCE : Death: Immediate Family: Son of Costobarus, Governor of Idumea & Gaza and Salome Husband of Cypros ., Princess of Judaea Father of Saulos Thaddeus Alexander Herod . He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. by ... Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … He also restored to Herod the land Cleopatra had taken. According to Graves, a pregnant Mary is compelled to pretend to marry an old, pious carpenter, Joseph, to protect herself and the unborn Jesus.. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. He had done much for the Jews, thanks to the favor he had won and kept in spite of all from the successive heads of the Roman state; he had observed the Law publicly -- in fact, as the traditional epigram of Augustus says, "it was better to be Herod's swine than a son of Herod." Tag: Herod son of Antipater Alexandra Queen Mother of Mariamne the Virgin. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. ; executed 4 B.C. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. In 47 BCE Julius Caesar appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea and made him a citizen of Rome. Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. In fact, Antipater was a rival to the throne. Herod was born in southern Palestine. Author of. However, he was recalled following Mariamne's fall in 29 BC and in 13 BC Herod made him his first heir in his will. Orientalist, historian, and lecturer. In fact, Josephus claims that Antipater was co-ruler with no less power than his father, Herod the Great: His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. In his last years Herod suffered from arteriosclerosis. Antipater Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary , the most advanced Bible dictionary. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, A family of distinguished Idumean nobility that was converted to Judaism during the Hasmonean period and rose to prominence during the reign of Alexandra Salome. The father of King Herod the Great and the son of Antipas, an Idumean governor appointed by Jannaeus Alexander. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. 2. He twice increased Herod’s territory, in the years 22 and 20 bce, so that it came to include not only Palestine but parts of what are now the kingdom of Jordan to the east of the river and southern Lebanon and Syria. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his … His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Antipater's life, from the day of his mother's return to favor and of his own recall to the palace of Jerusalem, was one continuous endeavor to supplant in the favor of his father all the other members of the Herodian family, and finally, when this object was well-nigh achieved, to gain possession, through parricide, of the throne of Judea. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern…. After Antony’s final defeat at Actium in 31 bce, he frankly confessed to the victorious Octavian which side he had taken. Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. When Herod heard about it he recalled Antipater from Rome to try him. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. by one whose life he had twice saved. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Herod undoubtedly saw himself not merely as the patron of grateful pagans but also as the protector of Jewry outside of Palestine, whose Gentile hosts he did all in his power to conciliate. This was in 4 B.C. Herod I (the Great) was son of Antipater and made king by the Romans in 40 B.C. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod's other sons, Herod restored Antipater to court. Antipater was married twice. Relatives: Father: Antipater, Sons: Archelaus, Antipater, Antipas, Philip, and others; Wives: Doris, Mariamne, and others ; Contemporaries: Zechariah, Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph, Mark Antony, Augustus; More information about Herod the Great can be found in Matthew 2:1-22 and Luke 1:5. Octavian, who had met Herod in Rome, knew that he was the one man to rule Palestine as Rome wanted it ruled and confirmed him king. Statues were forbidden Jews and no likenesses were to be used on coins,.... Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more is arguably most famous beheading... 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