Nigeria is engulfed with socio- economic problems which have caused poverty and conflict in the country. It seems that the government and the people are not doing much to curb this. All Rights Reserve, Causes and Effects of Social Problems in Nigeria. Problems create disharmony and maladjustment but still the problems exist. Social crises such as corruption, ethno-religious crises, war, genocide, political violence, among others results in wastage of the nation’s human and natural resources. These problems are not just for the government only to solve. Consequently, children from large families are often malnourished because of poverty. Social problems are present in every country and they affect the daily lives of most of its citizens. Possible Solutions: This can be checked by provision of employment opportunities though some people are also kidnapped for other reasons. Possible Solution: To address juvenile delinquency, there is the need for parent and care givers to provide adequate care and corrections on time. Causes of Poverty in Nigeria It is difficult to say this or that is the cause of poverty because it has no single cause. Nigeria is called a rich more than 85 percent of her people living in poverty. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report on … This paper highlights the contemporary social problems, their direct and indirect impacts on the society and their possible solutions. IV. We made suggestions towards combating these problems. It is what leads to crime, insurgency, high morbidity, and mortality rate, etc. Social unrest: this is very prominent in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria which started as a result of social injustice in the social status and degrading environment of the inhabitants due to extraction of crude oil in the region. Poverty causes a lot of problems in the society, and while the population of the country is huge, a large part of it does not have access to the basic needs for comfortable living. More than seventy percent of Nigerians are living in poverty. Also, there is a high level of insecurity in Nigeria. Social problems include problems that reduce the standard of living beyond an acceptable level. This year has witnessed many exemplary acts of violence in Nigeria. There are different insurgencies found in the country like the Boko Haram insurgency, Fulani insurgency, militancy, widespread kidnappings, and many others. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is the foundation of most of the social problems in Nigeria today. Problems exist in different areas of human life. Cause: The cause of high population growth in Nigeria is high birth rate. Furthermore, there is the need for community, church and non-governmental organizations to get involved in correcting children because the training of a child ought not be left in the hands of the parents alone. There is the need to place effective bands on the importation of drugs which distort the normal functions of the body (hard drugs). Since these group of juveniles are regarded as minors (meaning that they cannot or are not permitted by the law to stand trial) often, they are overlooked or ignored by the parents, government and law enforcement agencies. Equality is not necessarily when people are equal in all things. A lot of people can’t afford good and basic health care and the health system is also broken. Social change continually alters social structure and therefore disrupts established relations among social groups (such as relationship between Gujjars and Meenas in Rajasthan), redefines social roles (such as between working husband and wife), and renders some beliefs and … READ ALSO: Northern Nigeria has the highest percentage of children who don't go to school. Corruption contributes significantly to the social crisis in Nigeria. This article is so interesting, educative and good. The economy of any country thrives directly or indirectly on the availability of electricity in the country. Poor human development. ● Creation of jobs and a business friendly environment. Poverty. Each of these groups have individual deep culture. Yet, just few Nigerians have access to this sector of economy. The level of corruption and neglect of responsibility by politicians are major causes of the most crisis in Nigeria today. Nigeria is made up of a lot of ethnic groups. READ ALSO: Challenges facing rule of law in Nigeria. Social Problems facing Nigerians and their Effects/Impact on National Development 1. This is majorly a result of corruption and irresponsible leadership in the government. The problem varies depending on your income level and network of people you know. Emotional dependence is a condition in which the drug or substance promotes a feeling of satisfaction and a drive to repeat its consumption in order to induce pleasure. It is believed that living in a city can provide opportunities, diversity, and marketplace competition. These drugs are referred to as “psychoactive drugs”. The Nigeria is purported to be the largest in Africa and the GDP continues to grow. Thousands of people have been killed by the attacks of terrorisms and millions got displaced from their home villages and towns especially in Northeast Nigeria. After being sentenced to 7 years in prison, PDP chieftain finally regains freedo... 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Poor, ordinary Nigerians are worst affected; they hardly have any civil rights, while the privileged rich become only wealthier every year. > The root cause of all Lagos problems is overpopulation. ● Poor standard of education and illiteracy. Nigeria faces an increasing rate of diseases among the populace. It is usually the case - as with most other African countries - that the larger a family is, the smaller is its income. If the suggestions proffered in the article are implemented, most of the social problems confronting Nigeria would be addressed. Kidnapping is that act of forcefully taking someone hostage or custody for purpose of ransom usually via the use of arms.  In recent times, kidnapping has become wide spread and very frequent as a result of the monetary inducement of the process. I will assume "social problems" to mean difficulties majority of residents are experiencing. In addition to being a cause, corruption is also an effect of social crisis in Nigeria. It is caused by a variety of factors which include but are not limited to: Poor saving culture, poor knowledge of investment strategies, unemployment, corruption, violence, laziness, underutilization of resources, inequality, absence of economy diversification, education system. A cult refers to a group of people who follow a system of worship, especially one that is different from the usual and established forms of religion in a particular society.  It can also be a particular, often temporarily fashionable system of (religious) worship or belief.  Objectively, members of such group have an exclusive or distinct ideology and ritual practices centred on sacred symbols.  The origin of cultism in Nigerian schools can be traced back to 1968 at the University of Nigeria now University of Ibadan where the first secret cult was established by Wole Soyinka (now Professor) and his friends.  The group had a positive agenda towards promoting the African culture on campuses and to create positive changes within the campus environment. However, the quality of literacy among the ones that can write and read is very poor. Statistical data shows that about 70% of the country’s residents live below the line of poverty, and there are a lot of people who are forced to survive on just $2 per day, which is a critical situation. They are called Nigerian problems because the combination is unique to the nation and its people.The problems in Nigeria and solutions are not … Poverty breeds corruption, and corruption breeds more poverty. What are social problems in Nigeria? Bombings and killings by Boko Haram has made Nigeria insecure in recent times. The problem of corruption has negative impact on the nation’s economy. Corruption in Nigeria is very visible on every level, from the intricate part of the government to the corners of the street. Noting that point would make every other thing easy. The amount of unemployed graduate and the ones who simply have jobs and not an actual occupation is very high. Most Nigerians cannot afford to eat three good meals in a day. Over 70% of the Nigerian population live below two US dollars daily. Your email address will not be published. When people are unemployed, they lack money and this situation breeds other social problems. Read Also: 10 Causes of Terrorism in Nigeria. Most often, the victims so captured are usually kept in an unknown place and the victims’ relatives are compelled to pay certain amount as ransom to secure the victim’s release and failure to comply within the specified time, the victim may be killed.  Though kidnapping is both legally and morally wrong, thousands of Nigerians see it as a lucrative business especially the unemployed. Furthermore, available data show that about half of all the families in Nigeria with six or more children are generally poor as they fail to earn adequate income to provide for the needs of the family. ● The level of educational standard needs to be raised. Psychoactive agents commonly abused include  tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, heroin, Indian hemp, cannabis, opium, amphetamine, kolanuts, coffee, asprin, codeine, panadol, paracetamol etc. There are many factors that lead to the social problems in Nigeria today. Furthermore, insecurity prevents local investors from investing in Nigeria. Corruption … So, it is one of the key reasons for unemployment and poverty in the country. economic problems and the attendant social malaise in a volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous environment. What are the main causes, which has been posed by our sociologists. Contemporary Problems Karen Proctor HSM/210 October 28, 2012 Lisa Perez Contemporary Problems The elderly today are living longer than ever. List of problems in Nigeria. Email: ecosofdestiny4@yahoo.co.uk GSM: 08028858727; 08035826693 & Dr OGUNRINOLA, I.O Parent have a lot to do because the home is the first point of socialization of the child and usually creates lasting impacts on who the child grows to become. Thanks! The corruption we are talking about here is not just the one practiced in the governance. ● High population and rapid population growth. Regards! What are major social problems examples for this country? It becomes the cause of ... 3. Poverty is a major social problem staring Nigerians in … ... and this is one of the biggest social problems in Nigeria … For some to eat at least one is a big problem. In Nigeria, corruption occurs in many areas but the most common is corruption of government officials. Problems of Census . In some places, bonded labor is seen as an acceptable way to pay off debt. Nigeria is a country that have total dependence on oil as its major source of revenue generation. The Fulani herdsmen killing, Bokoharam bombings are not left out, killing a lot of people in their quest for blood. The root cause of all Lagos problems is overpopulation. Terrorism in Nigeria. Contemporary Social Problems In Nigeria. Poverty is a major social problem staring Nigerians in the face. Most ask for religious and ethnic rights within their state. It is essential to advert that both religious and ethnic causal agents have always acted together in the majority of social conflicts in Nigeria. Nigeria's social problems in Nigeria and possible solutions. Indeed, corruption is everywhere, schools, police and other law enforcement agencies, judiciary, etc. One of the major solutions to the nation’s social problems is job creation. The social, political and economic factors can be taken as the major causes for migration in Nigeria. This is as a result of the poor health care, poverty, and also a lack of proper education. As common with most of the new states of Africa and Asia, no problem has more fiercely challenged political order in Nigeria than ethno-religious conflicts.10 This paper examines Nigeria’s history and political weaknesses. This situation causes problems between Muslims and Christians in … Some of these factor include the following: inadequate parental care, negative peer group influence, poverty leading to poor feeding and inadequate provision of basic needs, lack of proper guidance at homes and schools, which usually help individuals to overcome criminal tendencies. There are ethnic, gender inequality and inequality based on societal class. In this article, we highlighted some of the contemporary social problems confronting the Nigerian society.  They include juvenile delinquency, poverty, examination malpractice, drug abuse, kidnapping, cultism, among others.  The effect of these problems on the society include general disorder, deep poverty, low per capita income, unwanted pregnancy, moral decadence etc. Occupy Nigeria was another social movement that exemplified the contribution to the maintenance of peace and security in Nigeria by a social movement (Wikipedia: 2016 E). An imbalance was created in the polity by the result of the 1961 plebiscite. LIST OF SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA AND SOLUTIONS 1. These ideologies/issues could be political, religious, ethnic, ethno-religious, racial, philosophical, and ecological. What are the main causes, which has been posed by our sociologists. Nigeria has been battling with the problem of power generation, that would meet the growing demand both on the small and large scale. List of social problems in Nigeria ● National identity Nigerian problems may be the subject of a lot of jokes, however, they are ugly and a constant battle.Some of these problems in Nigeria are economic, social and political.One way or another they come together to form a body of problems. So far the problem has found no solution and every attempt made in this regard has failed. Poverty in Nigeria is widespread; indeed, an average Nigerian family may be unable to afford three square meals a day. Solution: There is the need the Federal Government National Population Policy to emphasize the need for our nation to control our fertility and reduce our excessive rate of population growth in order to minimize or reduce their adverse effects on our lives. Juvenile Crimes. Drug abuse leads to drug addiction and drug addiction is referred to as a state of period or chronic intoxication produced by the repeated consumption of unprescribed or prescribed drugs.  Drug abuse brings about addiction, habituation or dependence (emotional and physical). It results from a number of sometimes interrelated factors. People in Nigeria suffer from many social problems majorly caused by corruption and mismanagement. 1. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIAL CRISIS IN NIGERIA: SOME EMPIRICAL CLARIFICATIONS By OSABUOHIEN, Evans S.C. B.Sc, M.Sc, PhD [in view] Economics & Development Studies Department, College of Business and Social Sciences Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. It is the cause of social problems. A high level of corruption has broken down a system meant to function and unify us as one. At independence, the cultural and political differences were sharp among Nigeria's dominant ethnic groups: the Hausa–Fulani (' Northerners '), Igbo (' Easterners ') and Yoruba (' Westerners '). Frequent episodes of WASH related ill-health in children, contribute to … Furthermore, parents and care givers need to train the children what is right and what is wrong. So, Nigeria still struggles to have one identity because of the too-many identities already present in the country. Social problem is not welcomed in any society. Contemporary Social Problems In Nigeria. The menace of examination malpractice in Nigeria has assumed an alarming scale from secondary schools to tertiary institutions of learning. Nigeria still struggles with having a national identity due to her differences. Corruption has made it possible for some Nigerian political elites and ruling class to accumulate in just one year what ordinary Nigerians would make in 65 or more years of legitimate toil. Possible Solution: Cultism is an identity related social problem which youth empowerment or job creation may not be able to eradicate rather rehabilitation and proper counselling may help. The possible solution this problem is simply to diversify the nation’s economy. The political elites over the years, had allocated state resources to themselves and families living ordinary Nigerian at the mercy of fate. Among the top social scourges of Nigeria is poverty. POVERTY. Corruption. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. Causes/Sources of Social Crises in Nigeria NATIONAL IDENTITY. So what can be done to solve the problems facing the education sector in Nigeria? This becomes very important when considering the fact that the behaviour of these children will impact positively or negatively on every member of the society. People live in fear due to the destruction of lives and properties among other things. A high level of corruption has broken down a system meant to function and unify us as one. This article examines the contemporary social problems in Nigeria as well as their effects/impacts/consequences on the society. 2. Seventy-three per cent of the diarrhoeal and enteric disease burden is associated with poor access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and is disproportionately borne by poorer children. Furthermore, there is the need to sensitize the public on the dangers of self-medication. The problem of tribalism in Nigeria: causes, effect, solutions. The growth of the country is still hampered by consumptive cultures, weak institutions and fragile political structures. But sadly, in many parts of the world (especially in the underdeveloped parts), a lot of problems appear during the conducting of the census that make it sometimes difficult to conduct regular censuses or get adequate census figures. 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