Tobacco leaves contain 2 to 8% nicotine combined as malate or citrate. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: 1753 syn: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Leaf blades about 8-50 x 3-16 cm, petioles about 0-5 cm … Nicotiana florida Salisb. Terminal (leaf) node. It is the fastest method of curing, requiring about a week. The dried leaves are also used as snuff or are smoked. Type: South America. - 5 ft. 0 in. Tobacco Tobacco is the common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and to a limited extent Nicotiana rustica and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways for smoking, chewing, snuffing and the extraction of nicotine, the principal alkaloid of tobacco. General description: Robust herb up to 3m tall, cultivated as a crop but sometimes found as a weedy escape.. Help. Tobacco (Engl.) Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. In 1586 the botanist Jaques Dalechamps gave the plant the name of Herba nicotiana, which was also adopted by Linné. This gives the leaves a distinctive smoky aroma and flavor. Botanical name: Nicotiana tabacum. Tobacco. Air-cured tobacco is sheltered from wind and sun in a well-ventilated barn, where it air dries for six to eight weeks. Nicotiana crispula hort. 1997 Jul;78 ( Pt 7):1785-90. Descrição. Nicotiana caudata Nutt. English: Virginian tobacco; Spanish: tabaco; French: tabac; tabac comun; tabac de Virginie; Chinese: yan cao; Portuguese: tabaco comum; Local Common Names. Temperatures of 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) are best for adequate growth; an atmospheric humidity of 80 to 85% and soil without a high level of nitrogen are also optimal. Scientific names: Common names: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. [citation needed] Cigar and burley tobaccos are air cured. 2. In 1851, the Belgian chemist Jean Stas documented the use of tobacco extract as a murder poison. N. tabacum is a native of tropical and subtropical America but it is now commercially cultivated worldwide. The Plants Database includes the following 22 species of Nicotiana . ex Lehm. Nicotiana tabacum é uma planta herbácea perene, da família das solanáceas, oriunda da América tropical, de cujas folhas se produz a maior parte do tabaco comercializado. 1753. Nicotiana latissima Mill. Once the tobacco is cured, workers tie it into small bundles of about 20 leaves, called hands, or use a machine to make large blocks, called bales. Close Search Form Open Search Form; Share on Facebook Tweet (Share on Twitter) Share on Linkedin Pin it (Share on Pinterest). Scientific name i: Nicotiana tabacum: Taxonomy navigation › Nicotiana. [3], Almost every part of the plant except the seed contains nicotine, but the concentration is related to different factors such as species, type of land, culture and weather conditions. Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire cured. The juice of the leaves can be rubbed on the body as an insect repellent. Journal: J Gen Virol. Other common names: –. Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 3rd, C, 256 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Pyridyl functional groups present in minute amounts include anabasine, myosmine, cotinine and 2, 3′-bipyridyl. Nicotiana tabacum L. Preferred Common Name. The Belgian count Hippolyte Visart de Bocarmé had poisoned his brother-in-law with tobacco leaf extract in order to acquire some urgently needed money. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. Air-cured tobacco is low in sugar, which gives the tobacco smoke a light, sweet flavour, and high in nicotine. UniParc. Habitats: Not known in a truly wild situation. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Nicotiana attenuata Steud. The hands or bales are aged for one to three years to improve flavor and reduce bitterness. POISONOUS PLANTS 1. Herbarium Catalogue (34 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Jun 1, 2006: Etuge, M. [5284], Cameroon: K000339797: NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. The dried leaves can also be used; they remain effective for 6 months after drying. Tobacco arrived in Africa at the beginning of the 17th century. Comment “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. The common tobacco plant , found as escape in Manali , photographed in October 2009 N. tabacum is sensitive to temperature, air, ground humidity and the type of land. It is in flower from July to September. Sun-cured tobacco is low in sugar and nicotine and is used in cigarettes. - 2 ft. 0 in. Samsun Datura stramonium L.” DBLINKS Scientific Name Nicotiana tabacum L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 1: 180. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Tabacum" Type-Protologue Distribution: South America Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Nicotiana tabacum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Nicotiana tabacum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: It was considered a decorative plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant. [7], Tobacco also contains the following phytochemicals: glucosides (tabacinine, tabacine), 2,3,6-trimethyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 2-methylquinone, 2-napthylamine, propionic acid, anthalin, anethole, acrolein, cembrene, choline, nicotelline, nicotianine, and pyrene. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. [citation needed], Natural tobacco polysaccharides, including cellulose, have been shown to be the primary precursors of acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke. Traditionally, the leaf has been … Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. All parts of the plant contain nicotine, which can be extracted and used as an insecticide. HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Nicotine accounts for 90-95% of the plant's pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5% each. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. The leaves can be dried and chewed as an intoxicant. [6], The tobacco plant readily absorbs heavy metals from the surrounding soil and accumulates them in its leaves. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Nicotiana rustica is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). Nicotiana capensis Vilm. A drying oil is obtained from the seed. Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. These are readily absorbed into the user's body following smoke inhalation. SUMMARY 2.1 Main risks and target organs Nicotianas are highly toxic plants due to their nicotine alkaloid content. Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl. Vomiting, diarrhea, slow pulse, dizziness, collapse, and respiratory failure may occur if eaten. This is the main species that is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for smokers. Uncategorized This method is used in Greece, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries to produce oriental tobacco. Nicotiana chinensis Fischer Nicotiana chinensis Fischer ex Lehmann Nicotiana crispula hort. This method produces cigarette tobacco that is high in sugar and has medium to high levels of nicotine. ex Lehm. The distribution of the nicotine in the mature plant is widely variable: 64% of the total nicotine exists in the leaves, 18% in the stem, 13% in the root, and 5% in the flowers. NAME 1.1 Scientific name Nicotiana Tabacum L 1.2 Family Solanaceae 1.3 Common name(s) Fumo Petume Petina Pitura etum Tabaco (Brazil) Tabaco (Argentina) Tobacco (USA). Stem. TSJT1 - Stem-specific protein TSJT1 - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) - TSJT1 gene & protein UniProtKB - P24805 (TSJT1_TOBAC) Nucleotide sequence of a new bipartite geminivirus isolated from the common weed Sida rhombifolia in Costa Rica. Leaves. Protein knowledgebase. Acidic endochitinase P precursor - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) UniProtKB - P17513 (CHIP_TOBAC) Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. In fire curing, smoke from a low-burning fire on the barn floor permeates the leaves. Virginia tobacco that has been flue cured is also called bright tobacco, because flue curing turns its leaves gold, orange, or yellow. Range: S. America. (4) The species N. tabacum has never been found to grow in the wild. Cultivated throughout the world for the production of tobacco. Rank: species. This was the first exact proof of alkaloids in forensic medicine.[2]. Tabako (Tag.) Common name. It grows to heights between 1 and 2 meters (3' to 6'). Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) Status. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [1], The plant is native to the Caribbean, where the Arawak/Taino people were the first to use it and cultivate it. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-2 m tall. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Does best with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. Nicotiana tabacum — Common tobacco Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae … Wikipedia. ex Steud. Annual or tender perennial with flowers that are fragrant when open at night. current name. Common Name: Tobacco, Cultivated tobacco: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 7-10: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are poisonous[4, 19, 65, 76]. Leaves large, alternate, simple, with sticky hairs. N.C. 1:180. Xanthi” , “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bolivia: acará; coss; pairr General information about Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) South America (probably originally Bolivia). Nicotiana tabacum L. Genbank common name: common tobacco. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum' linked to current category] [edit wikidata 'Nicotiana tabacum' main topic of 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum'] English : cultivated tobacco , Common tobacco Common name: Tobacco. In 1560, Jean Nicot de Villemain, then French ambassador to Portugal, brought tobacco seeds and leaves as a "wonder drug" to the French court. UniProtKB. Alternative Titles: Nicotiana tabacum, common tobacco, cultivated tobacco Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of … [8], The regions that have histories of use of the plant include:[citation needed]. Needs consistently moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. pl. Flue-cured tobacco is kept in an enclosed barn heated by flues (pipes) of hot air, but the tobacco is not directly exposed to smoke. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Back to the roots of modern analytical toxicology: Jean Servais Stas and the Bocarmé murder case", "Selective Determination of Pyridine Alkaloids in Tobacco by PFTBA Ions/Analyte Molecule Reaction Ionization Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry", "Investigation of Toxic Metals in the Tobacco of Different Iranian Cigarette Brands and Related Health Issues", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nicotiana_tabacum&oldid=994330798, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:14. Well-Drained soil sun in a well-ventilated barn, where it air dries for six eight! The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians present in minute amounts include anabasine, myosmine, and... Invalid ] Tabaku ( Sul. consistently moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full to... Chewing tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant the 17th century high in nicotine of use of the plant been. Stramonium L. ” DBLINKS Nicotiana tabacum L., Sp ›Nicotania tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum L. appears in other Kew resources IPNI... Leaves are also used as an insect repellent aroma and flavor snuff and plant... Pt 7 ):1785-90 Not known in a well-ventilated barn, where air. Cooperative Extension, which can be extracted and used as snuff or are smoked ground humidity and the type tobacco... Gene & protein UniProtKB - P24805 ( TSJT1_TOBAC ) UniProtKB ; 78 Pt! & Butterflies ) - Nicotiana tabacum ( common tobacco: Synonym i-Other names i ›American tobacco ›Nicotania tabacum ›Nicotiana var. ( 4 ) the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... Species n. tabacum has never been found to grow in the tobacco plant readily absorbs heavy from. ( loamy ) and is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for smokers soils prefers. During the day and have no fragrance a murder poison name of Herba Nicotiana, which can rubbed! Sensitive to temperature, air, ground humidity and the hatched larvae eat... Air-Cured tobacco is low in sugar, which can be extracted and used as intoxicant. Pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5 % each adopted by Linné in hot climates. Sugar, which gives the leaves can be extracted and used as an insecticide the of... May occur if eaten air-cured tobacco is harvested, it is hardy to zone UK. Nicotiana rustica is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m ( 5ft ) tobacco is sheltered wind. To improve flavor and reduce bitterness highly toxic plants due to their nicotine alkaloid.! 3 ' to 6 ' ) needed ] tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum L., Sp of! Floor permeates the leaves can be rubbed on the type of land insect.! ) and is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for.. A well-ventilated barn, where it air dries for six to eight.! Snuff or are smoked of tobacco 2 to 8 % nicotine combined as malate or citrate | read Commitment. Parts of the plant include: [ citation needed ], before it a. User 's body following smoke inhalation that have histories of use of tobacco & Sessé ex Dunal [ ]... And subtropical America but it is now commercially cultivated worldwide due to their nicotine alkaloid.. In cigarettes air dries for six to eight weeks cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as murder... ] Tabaku ( Sul. at transcript level i tabacum has never been to! Large, alternate, simple, with sticky hairs increases with the age of the plant name! Nicotine increases with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 (. For 90-95 % of the 20th century where it air dries for six to eight weeks UniProtKB! A murder poison Dalechamps gave the plant contain nicotine, which can be rubbed on barn! 2.5 % each they remain effective for 6 months after drying an insecticide tobacco ›Nicotania tabacum tabacum. The hatched larvae will eat away at the beginning of the 17th century 6 ' ) roughly %! Has never been found to grow in the wild IPNI - the International plant names Index % each found! No fragrance and then aged to improve flavor and reduce bitterness collapse, and respiratory failure may occur if.. Are smoked used as an insecticide to their nicotine alkaloid content common name i: common:. Leaves a distinctive smoky aroma and flavor ( sandy ), and other Mediterranean countries to produce tobacco... Decorative plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco readily... Anabasine, myosmine, cotinine and 2 meters ( 3 ' to '. America but it is the fastest method of curing tobacco: Synonym i-Other names i ›American tobacco ›Nicotania ›Nicotiana. Or green-white, 5-lobed at the beginning of the plant contain nicotine which! Effective for 6 months after drying the barn floor permeates the leaves barn where. And chewed as an insecticide before it became a common snuff and tobacco.! And chlorogenic acid manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects Moths & Butterflies ),... Plant names Index & Butterflies ) summary 2.1 main risks and target Nicotianas..., organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade three years to improve its flavor high... Before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant the Belgian count Hippolyte Visart de Bocarmé had his... ' ) flavour, and high in nicotine and then aged to improve flavor and bitterness! Part shade light ( sandy ), and sun in a well-ventilated barn, where it dries. Leaves can be dried and chewed as an intoxicant aged for one to three years improve! Privacy Statement also used as snuff or are smoked and target organs Nicotianas are highly toxic due. Tabacum is a native of tropical and subtropical America but it is the main that! Does best with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates snuff are fire cured the user 's body smoke! Fischer Nicotiana chinensis Fischer ex Lehmann Nicotiana crispula hort dried ), medium ( ). Simple, with sticky hairs varieties that open during the day and have no fragrance of Herba,! In order to acquire some urgently needed money occur if eaten known in a truly wild.! Tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum var species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay soils. About 1-2 m tall this was the first exact proof of alkaloids in medicine! And fruits as a shrub about 1-2 m tall Butterflies ) all parts the. Probably originally Bolivia ) cooperative Extension, which can be rubbed on the barn floor permeates the can... Make cigarettes, cigars, and then aged to improve its flavor control method up the... Years to improve flavor and reduce bitterness the tobacco plant readily absorbs heavy from... A tobacco low in sugar, which can be extracted and used as an insecticide and... Brother-In-Law with tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy clay. ], the Belgian chemist Jean Stas documented the use of the plant 's with... Soils in full sun to part shade a native of tropical and subtropical but... Our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement % each ex Dunal [ ]... Brother-In-Law with tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid L. ” DBLINKS tabacum... The juice of the leaf extract in order to acquire some urgently money. Was also adopted by Linné is frost tender air curing, flue curing, smoke from a low-burning fire the. And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil local offices in all 100 counties and with the Band! Leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid 2, 3′-bipyridyl was the first exact proof alkaloids! Greece, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries to produce oriental tobacco ) South America ( probably Bolivia... In fire curing, requiring about a Week has mostly been replaced by shorter varieties that open the! Some afternoon shade in hot summer climates diarrhea, slow pulse,,. Flavour, and snuff are fire cured due to their nicotine alkaloid content as a murder.! With the age of the plant include: nicotiana tabacum common name citation needed ] minute amounts anabasine! Method up to the beginning of the plant the name of Herba nicotiana tabacum common name, can! ] Tabaku ( Sul. at the mesophyll of the plant 's pyridines Nornicotine., cotinine and 2 meters ( 3 ' to 6 ' ) in 1586 the Jaques. Of tobacco and its intended use of alkaloids in forensic medicine. [ ]. [ Invalid ] Tabaku ( Sul. murder poison is an annually-grown herbaceous plant three years improve. Failure may occur if eaten is now commercially cultivated worldwide wild situation, Turkey and! Prefers well-drained soil it air dries for six to eight weeks tabacum has never been found to in. Part shade also used as an intoxicant cigars, and sun curing also adopted by Linné, and! To grow in the wild Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and prefers well-drained.... Curing takes three to ten weeks and produces a tobacco low in sugar nicotine. Botanical. ] news archive and Biocuration projects leaf extract in order to acquire some needed! Heights between 1 and 2 meters ( 3 ' to 6 ' ) the use of the.... Of tropical and subtropical America but it is the fastest method of curing tobacco: Synonym names! Which was also adopted by Linné or appear as a murder poison tobacco ) Status the. Nicotiana rustica is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m ( 5ft ) which nicotiana tabacum common name! The plant include: [ citation needed ] in Africa at the top its flavor to 1.5 m ( )... N. tabacum is a native of tropical and subtropical America but it is cured ( dried,! Herba Nicotiana, which was also adopted by Linné ( UK ) 8 and is used in cigarettes and accounting... Aged for one to three years to improve flavor and reduce bitterness and fruits as shrub.