View the Maturity Chart PDF. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. Many of these new varieties have sprung from the crossing of Black Amber Asian plums and Supreme cherries. Prune it so that a bud is left at the tip. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. Cut back the trunk by a foot or two each year to control the height of the tree and encourage bushy growth toward the bottom. Plum trees are delicious, summer fruiting plants that are delightful for fresh eating and with some varieties, drying as Prunes. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Plant breeders have given these new varieties of fruit cute names, such as Cherums, Plerries, or Chums. Expect your tree to fill an area 15 to 20 feet square. Search AC Nursery. Plumtree diseases may slow down or even completely terminate the fruit production. It pollinates the early plum varieties as well as the latest plum varieties! Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. Tree ripened Black Amber plums have a beautiful fragrance with a slightly floral bouquet. Plums … European Plums will produce some fruit on their own, but will produce far more if pollinated by another European Plum in the area. Choosing a Plum Tree. The fruit is classified as a drupe, meaning it has a pit (or stone) in the center, similar to a peach and apricot. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. The Methley Plum tree is a self-fertile Japanese variety. 5. Those which are only suitable for cooking jams, sauces, pie-fillings etc., those which are best for eating and those which do a good job for both. Black Amber Okanagan plum varieties are a round fruit, black on the outside, and firm dark amber purple on the inside. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self fertile cultivar. If you enjoy gardening and have room for one or two new trees, you can combine the beauty of a flowering tree with a harvest of sweet, juicy fruit by planting a Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). All the large-fruit Japanese plums must be thinned five to eight weeks after bloom. Purple-leaf plum trees are known to be susceptible to a large number of diseases including black knot, leaf spot, die back, leaf curl, powdery mildew, root rot and fireblight. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Licorice is generally used to intensify the flavor of these plums and is used to make salty plum drinks and toppings for shaved ice or baobing. Japanese varieties are usually earlier blooming, fleshier, softer and juicier. We carry two main groups of plums: Japanese and European. The pink flowers cover the tree and is lovely when in full bloom, which is very early in the spring. Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. Italian prunes can be kept as dwarf trees around 10-12 feet (3-3-1/2 m.) through careful pruning, a very manageable size. We stock some of the nations favourite plum tree varieties such as Czar (a particulary hardy variety with attractive and tasty purple-blue fruit) and Victoria, the most popular variety needing no introduction. Italian prune plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an excellent choice of plum varietal to grow. There are a number of dwarf plum trees. Size: 15 to 25 feet height. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. “Gulf” cultivars of Plum trees have been cultivated by the University of Florida and will thrive in our warmer climate. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Maturity Chart. Its flowers are followed by medium-to-large plums that come in purplish-black, red or other colors, depending on which variety you choose. Shipping dates are subject to change. There are a few different varieties of the Flowering Plum tree so I will narrow it down to the best one. They are self fertile, winter hardy and the luscious fruit can be … Thundercloud Purple Leaf Plum. Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. The reason is that Saint Juliens produce naturally smaller trees than other plum varieties, a desirable characteristic for commercial orchards and gardens, yet are widely-compatible with them. They are also susceptible to pests such as borers, aphids, scale, leafhoppers, caterpillars, tent caterpillars, Japanese beetles, and spider mites. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. If you want to go really small, there are even types of shrubs that bear edible plums. Plum trees fall into two main categories, European types such as and Japanese types (blood plums). Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the flesh. Most will freely interpollinize. Plum trees are very hardy, and many varieties can handle cold winters. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. 6. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum variety. These plum trees need other trees to pollinate, with plum varieties such as the Brookred Plum or Cherry Plums being ideal. Types of Flowering Plum Trees With Pink Flowers. It usually reaches 8 feet tall. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. The problems, which plum trees face is diverse that is mainly the wind-borne bacterial and viral diseases. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. Buy Plum Trees Cordons online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera Synonyms: Cherry plum, myrobalan plum. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details $49.99 Choose options from $32.99 . I would recommend the Newport Plum. OTHER VARIETIES. The plum is the fruit produced by trees in the Prunus genus, which is a member of the rose family. Cream, ginseng, spicy, and salty are among the common varieties. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). The new leaves are a light bronze-purple color but then they change to a reddish/dark purple. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Pest and Disease Control. There are three main species of plum trees that can be grown in our prairie climate. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details $49.99 Choose options $4.99 Krymsk 1 Plum rootstock Also known as VVA 1. We grow 35 acres of heirloom and specialty vegetables. This purple leaf plum tree is the hardiest one. (What's This?) First cultivated in Asia, this tree blossoms in spring. The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. Price List for Methley Plum Tree. To grow plum trees in Florida you must plant specific varieties. Coe's Golden Drop European Plum A legendary oblong, golden plum introduced in 1800 at Bury St. Edmunds, England. If you live in an area with cold winters, consider an American hybrid plum variety (like the alderwood plum), some of which can do well in temperatures as cold, like those found in USDA hardiness zone 3.; If you live in an area with moderately cold winters, consider either an American hybrid or European plum variety. Bush and cherry plums reach 6 feet or so and may spread as wide or wider. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. These hybrid varieties have the exceptional flavour, sweetness and size of Japanese plums with the cold hardiness of a wild plum. Plums are a type of stone fruit, which also includes peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries. However plum tree varieties such as Santa Rosa, Mariposa, and Satsuma are all well known Japanese types. Customer Service. They tend to be much drier than the standard prune. Plum trees are easy to grow in any garden soil, but they do need good drainage. European varieties require minimal pruning and do not need thinning at all, as they do not bear fruits like the Japanese variety. Description hundercloud Purple Leaf Plum is deciduous tree with deep purple leaves and solitary, pink flowers. Gulfbeauty, Gulfblaze, and Gulfrose are all low chill hour plum trees that will grow well in Florida. Healthy plum trees are prolific and the fruits fill every branch and limb, often ripening all at once. The most popular plum trees are red plums such as Satsuma, a red plum with red flesh. Plum Varieties. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. One such shrub is the natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa), which can be grown in zones 9 to 11. Angelina, Damson and Green Gage are some of the best know European varieties. We are a working sustainable family farm. Our goal is to connect visitors back to the land, to each other and to a simpler time. It is the plum tree that offers the longest pollination period, starting its flowers with the very first flowering plum tree varieties, and lasting as long as the last days of the latest flowering plum tree varieties. Covid-19 has had a huge affect on our day-to-day, as it has many Albertans. Other varieties that have been suggested for planting in the past include Black Amber, June Blood, Earliblue Fiebing, Ember, Ozark Gold, Ozark Premier, Friar and Starking Delicious. For colder climates grow the beach plum (Prunus maritima), which is hardy to zone 3. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Keep pruning the trunk. The plum tree should take on a vase or Christmas-tree shape, which allows sunlight to filter through and encourage healthy growth. Plum & Prune Trees; Plums grow in a rainbow of jewel colors, having been grown and hybridized by orchardists for millennia from a variety of parent species. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. There are three different different types of plum trees as far as taste goes. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. A dwarfed European plum on Nanking cherry roots will get as tall as 10 to 12 feet in height. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. The plant is native to China, the Americas, and Europe. Recent efforts of major fruit tree breeders have produced many highly sought after varieties of delicious cherry plum bearing fruit trees and shrubs. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. (250 Chill Hours) Choose Willis Orchards for a quality Methley Plum tree for sale! Plums are one of the best stonefruit types to grow in a home garden, as prolific crops of very good quality fruit can be produced with very little work. Plum trees bear for 10 to 15 years or more, and standard plum trees take space. Plums, apricots, and nectarines grown on this dwarfing rootstock have proven precocious. The fruit has a very sharp flavour, excellent for jams and preserving. When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. Black Ambers are one of the best Japanese purple plum types. Most Japanese varieties require a pollinizer. Plum Tree Varieties. Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. Farm Info. The most useful cultivars to grow in … Tree for sale ripening all at once they tend to be much drier than the standard.! 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