Recent scholars have struggled to piece together the temple’s appearance, both before and after Nectanebo’s changes (350 BCE). Her temple has now become a museum and can be visited. Temple of Bastet. Bubastis even appears in the writings of the Prophet Ezekiel (Ezek 30:17), when he warns various nations of the wrath to come : “The young men of On and Pi-beseth (Bubastis) shall fall by the sword, and the cities themselves shall go into captivity.” Scholars have speculated that the revels accompanying the annual temple festival at Bubastis may have been responsible for Bubastis’ licentious reputation. This early image had a lot of parallels with the warrior goddess Sekhmet, who was also a leonine deity. Herodotus describes the festival briefly below: The manner observed in the festival of Bubastis is this: men and women embark promiscuously in great numbers, and during the voyage, some of the women beat upon a tabor, while part of the men play on the pipe, the rest of both sexes singing and striking their hands together at the same time. It's not exactly as the description but close and the temple is painted as red granite just like the temple originally was. The earliest depictions of Bast were that of a female with a head of a lioness. When they arrive at Bubastis, they celebrate the festival with numerous sacrifices, and consume more wine than in all the rest of the year. For the inhabitants say this assembly usually consists of about 700,000 men and women, besides children. There were certainly two types of granite columns discovered–a smaller set with Hathor-head capitals, and a larger set with palm leaf and lotus bud/papyrus capitals. Exploring the remains of the Old Kingdom Temple of Bastet, in Egypt, and looking for signs of lost ancient high technology. Visit in Second Life The entrance hall itself apparently had no columns, much of its space being filled with statues of various pharaohs, including two monumental statues of Ramesses II standing against the inner wall of the pylons. The finished temple was dedicated to Bastet. Our memberships cost $99.99 and are billed annually. The main center for the worship of Bastet was in northern Egypt at the city of Bubastis. The ancient mound sets just to the southeastern side of modern Zagazig. The Egyptian cat Goddess Bast, or Bastet, daughter of Isis and Ra, protector This is a particularly fine example, probably made as an offering by someone who could afford a more elaborate sacred cat sculpture. Archaeologists found statues of Bastet, worshipped by the Greek-speaking Egyptians as the moon goddess. But there was a House of Life, as well as gardens, pools, and probably small free-standing temple buildings. The large collection of Bastet statues indicates that the temple was dedicated to her. Stars covered the ceilings. "I have studied many philosophers and many cats. The Greek historian, Herodotus described this temple in his work in the 5th century BCE, as being built on an island surrounded by a lake Isheru from three sides. This may be a good place to introduce yourself and your site or include some credits. First and foremost, is the Temple of Bastet, one of the largest buildings in Bubastis. Priests dressed her daily in rich clothing. The walls, doors, and ceilings were ornately carved, as was the shrine of the goddess. Based on its available interior space, the goddess’ statue within the naos would have been 4 – 4 ½ feet high. Herodotus tells us that the city was popular with religious pilgrims who came here by the thousands for the goddess' annual festival. The remains of a 2,200-year-old temple … My name is Peter Vollmers and with my Other Cat Bastet. I hope you’ll find their culture as fascinating as I did. 600 BCE. x Hall of Spheres Like a precious stone, this Hall nestles in the center of the Temple complex and is the point of contact with the subtle energies of the planet. Bubastis was a center of worship for the feline goddess Bastet, sometimes called Bubastis after the city, who the Greeks identified with Artemis.The cat was the sacred and peculiar animal of Bast, who is represented with the head of a cat or a lioness and frequently accompanies the deity Ptah in monumental inscriptions. The town, known in Egyptian as pr-bꜣstt (also transliterated as Per-Bastet), carries her name, literally meaning House of Bastet. Lazy Temple Pets. Welcome to the Temple of Bastet. It peaked during the Ptolemaic era. The Egyptian cat Goddess Bast, or Bastet, daughter of Isis and Ra, protector Read on for a primer on Bastet: the Egyptian cat goddess. Temple of Bastet - Limited Edition Canvas Prints - I have based this painting on the actual Temple of Bastet at Bubastis. It's not exactly as the description but close and the temple is painted as red granite just like the temple originally was. The Greek historian, Herodotus described this temple in his work in the 5th century BCE, as being built on an island surrounded by a lake Isheru from three sides. Bast is the Ancient Egyptian Goddess of cats and patron of sensual erotic dance. This is the Facebook Fan Page for the Youtube channel The Temple of Bastet Within Mut’s temple there are a number of depictions of the pharaoh celebrating a ritual race in the company of Bast. Available After: Bastet's Curse (Mine: Temple Of Bastet) Questgiver: Bastet . Welcome to the Temple of Bastet. Tell Basta (Bubastis, or Per-Bastet) by Jimmy Dunn writing as John Warren. At the Temple of Bastet in Tell-Basta, it's believed that priests maintained large "catteries" that supplied a thriving trade in cat mummies. In reality, there was no such chamber, so far as anyone knows, just as there was probably no Great Cat. This is a particularly fine example, probably made as an offering by someone who could afford a more elaborate sacred cat sculpture. Temple of Bastet. Temple of Bastet - Prints - I have based this painting on the actual Temple of Bastet at Bubastis. A Church created by my Cat, who inspired me. It lay in the Nile Delta near what is known today as Zagazig. The Temple of Bast stood in the town center so that it could be seen from everywhere and stood on raised ground. The Dendera Temple Complex covers an area of 40,000 square meters ( sq. Temple cats of Bastet are thought by some to be celestials, but they are a terrestrial breed, created by the priesthood through generations of enchantment. Talk To Bastet (In Temple Of Bastet) Quest Rewards: 105. In time the Bastet’s cult – the Cult of the Mistress of Bubastis – flourished. It's not exactly as the description but close and the temple is painted as red granite just like the temple originally was. You can see both types of shattered capitals in Naville’s photo above. Most agree that his major contribution was a new sanctuary area, probably replacing an old one, at the western end of the temple. There was also an apparently thriving trade in cat mummies at the time ACOOE took place. They worshipped a Cat Goddess, often represented as half feline, half woman, whom they called Bastet. Temple of Bastet was a place of worship dedicated to the cat -goddess Bastet located in Bubastis, Egypt, during the 1st century BCE. I would need to renew it … The people of the Nile delta made a habit of building up the mounds upon which their towns and cities were built to keep them above the level of the Nile floods, but the monumental nature of their stone temples made such mound-building nearly impossible for them. UMoMA has received a Special Commendation from the European Museum of the Year, and was among the top candidates for the Swedish Museum of the Year Award as well as for the Council of Europe Museum Prize. Cat Worship. 8 talking about this. Asheru was the name of the sacred lake in the temple of Mut at Karnak, and Bast was given the epithet because of her connection with Mut, who occasionally took the form of a cat or a lion. According to the Greek historian Herodotus’ description, Bastet’s temple at Bubastis (House of Bastet) was a magnificent place to behold. Queen Berenike's Bastet Temple Discovered at Kom el Bikka – Photographs Video: Salima Ikram Talks about the Secrets of Animal Cults in Egypt Top … ft.), and is surrounded by a large mudbrick wall. Excavations are ongoing at Tell Basta with researchers periodically announcing new finds to this day. The Ancient Egyptians held cats in the highest esteem, the penalties for injuring or killing a cat were severe. The goddess’ shrine, or naos, was carved from a single piece of red granite, approximately 12 feet high and 5 feet wide, with gilded wooden doors opening inward. Renewing The Temple. 103 likes. It lay in the Nile Delta near what is known today as Zagazig. The main center for the worship of Bastet was in northern Egypt at the city of Bubastis. To get a more detailed–and accurate–view of the discoveries at Bubastis, I recommend the ongoing blog of the Tell Basta excavation team. The temple was surrounded by water. Up next This evidence comes from the decorated door lintel at the king's Ka-temple showing Bastet and Hathor. DMC 3830 10664 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 3.000 Works and Days She was usually called “Bastet” by Yeshua’s time, a diminutive form of her original name “Bast,” emphasizing her less threatening aspect as a domestic cat. A number of early readers of A Cat Out of Egypt have expressed an interest in learning more about the ancient temple of Bast/Bastet at Bubastis. The entrance hall, festival hall, and hypostyle hall were all likely to have been built during those years, although they probably replaced earlier structures which can’t be identified. Visit her shrine for pagan spiritual ritual and worship. Members get access to exclusive exhibits and sales. Most of the sanctuary hall was built of red granite, with floors of basalt. [2] In Egyptian writing, the second t marks a feminine ending, but was not usually pronounced, and the aleph ȝ may have moved to a position before the accented syllable, as witnessed by the Aramaic sp… When I decided to feature an Egyptian temple cat as Yeshua’s childhood companion, I chose Bubastis for three reasons: first, because it was a temple dedicated to the cat goddess Bast/Bastet; second, because descriptions of the temple in the mid 5th C BCE have come down to us in the writings of the historian Herodotus; and third, because Bubastis lies in the general area of the Nile delta where many Jewish settlements existed in the 1st C CE, which made it a likely location for Yeshua’s family. In the biblical Book of Ezekiel 30:17, the town appears in the Hebrew form Pibeseth. If you don’t try to understand the world a character lives in, you have little chance of understanding who that person is. Tell Basta (Bubastis or Per-Bastet, meaning "The Domain of Bastet) is the site of an ancient city about 80 km to the northeast of Cairo in the eastern Nile Delta. Visit in Second Life The town, known in Egyptian as pr-bꜣstt (also transliterated as Per-Bastet), carries her name, literally meaning House of Bastet. Role play welcomed. The repairs and new construction undertaken during the 30th Dynasty (Nectanebo and others, 4th C BCE) were probably made necessary by this period of warfare. She could be a gentle protector or a fierce punisher, and a riotous festival was held every year in her honor. Bastet is often depicted with the head of a house cat, but her feline form is only one of her many intriguing aspects. An ancient temple filled with about 600 cat statues was built for the goddess Bastet by Queen Berenike II, say archaeologists who found the ruins under modern-day Alexandria. Asheru was the name of the sacred lake in the temple of Mut at Karnak, and Bast was given the epithet because of her connection with Mut, who occasionally took the form of a cat or a lion. When I decided to feature an Egyptian temple cat as Yeshua’s childhood companion, I chose Bubastis for three reasons: first, because it was a temple dedicated to the cat goddess Bast/Bastet; second, because descriptions of the temple in the mid 5 th C BCE have come down to us in the writings of the historian Herodotus; and third, because Bubastis lies in the general area of the Nile delta where many Jewish … The earliest attestation of Bastet at Bubastis dates to a later period, the reign of Pepi I of the 6th dynasty (around 2270 BC). Here is a passage describing the temple at Bubastis as Herodotus experienced it around 450 BCE, a hundred years before the addition of the sanctuary hall by Pharaoh Nectanebo: Save for the entrance, it stands on an island; two separate channels approach it from the Nile, running in contrary directions as far as the entry of the temple; each of them is a hundred feet wide and overshadowed by trees. Below are two intact capitals now in museums. Mostly visibly, enormous annual festivals to honor Bast were held in her cult center city, Bubastis, involving raucous celebration and intoxication. It is a sad f. Show More. The temple is 60m (200ft) high and 15m (50ft) wide. The wisdom of cats is infinitely superior." The remains of a temple of Queen Berenike - wife of King Ptolemy III - have been discovered by archaeologists in Alexandria, Egypt. Like many 19th C efforts, the first major excavation at Bubastis by Edouard Naville was not systematically done–although even then the temple was little more than a field of uneven ground, suggesting the scattered and fallen remains buried beneath the surface. The wisdom of cats is infinitely superior." Bastet is associated with femininity and cats. Mostly visibly, enormous annual festivals to honor Bast were held in her cult center city, Bubastis, involving raucous celebration and intoxication. A sanctuary dedicated to her son, Maahes, was close by. The map below reflects a possible plan of the temple area at the time of the Roman conquest of Egypt (30 BCE): The festival road, probably lined with sphinxes, approached the temple from east, where it entered the towering pylons that formed the temple’s main gate.