Position the tree in the hole with the top of the graft union between 3-4 inches (7.6-10 cm.) If you are planting more than one Japanese plum tree, make sure to dig the planting holes approximately 15 to 20 feet apart from one another. Care of plum trees is not difficult as long as you are consistent. Trees … The Damson is often grouped with the European plums, but botanists classify it as a separate species. In the summer of the first year, cut the vigorous shoots that form on the top of the tree by two or three buds. It is LOADED ~~~!!!! Allow the tree to reach its mature height. Place the bare-root Japanese plum into the planting hole. Her work appears on various websites. If you want a juicy plum to eat right off the tree, the choice is most likely a Satsuma Japanese plum tree. The plums are the most commonly eaten fresh plum thanks to their juicy, sweet taste. This will eliminate any air pockets around the root system. above ground level. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Grown in moist, neutral, well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Japanese plum is a common name for several trees producing edible fruits and may refer to: Prunus mume; Prunus salicina; Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) See also. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. Japanese plum flavor ranges from sweet to tart. of calcium nitrate in March and August. GENERAL CARE Never prune Plums from March through to July, instead Summer prune to control vigour and shape. All Rights Reserved. Incorporate into the soil you extracted from the planting hole 1 to 2 cubic feet of an organic matter. Japanese plums need less Winter chill and need protection from late Spring frosts so can also be grown in warmer, Northern regions. I positioned the new plum tree in the planting hole, taking care to ensure that the roots were spread out as evenly as possible. You will need more than one Satsuma if you want them to bear fruit. One inch (2.5 cm.) of calcium nitrate in May of the first and second year. If you are planting more than one Japanese plum tree, make sure to dig the planting holes approximately 15 to 20 feet apart from one another. According to Sunset Plant Finder, Japanese plum trees need between 500 and 900 hours of 45 degree F (or lower) temperature in order for the trees to produce fruit. Suggested uses. After this time, you can add 2/3 cup (160 ml.) Prunus japonica, Japanese bush cherry; This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with the same common name (vernacular name). Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree in blossom image by Maria Brzostowska from, Sunset Plant Finder: Information on Plum Varieties, National Gardening Association: Planting Plum Trees, University of Georgia: Growing Plum Trees. Preventative and curative treatments are available to ward off this pest. Japanese plums originated in China, not Japan, but were brought to the U.S. via Japan in the 1800’s. Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. One of the earliest blooming fruit trees, it flowers in late winter into the early spring with a multitude of aromatic, white blossoms. Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. See more ideas about tree care, plum tree, plum tree care. You will need to select a full sun area, which is large enough to accommodate two trees. 99. Some varieties of Japanese plum trees require another tree for pollination. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! As mentioned, Satsuma Japanese plum tree produces fruit that is most commonly eaten fresh. Some of our favorite midsummer fruit! They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Satsuma Japanese plums are fast growing, but not self fertile. They must be pruned lightly during the growing season so that the tree acquires the desired shape. Simply sprinkle a handful of fertilizer around the base of the plum and water in well. Let the water completely drain back before proceeding. ! Stone fruits of the native American plums ... First Year Plum Tree Care . Caring for Your Loquat Tree. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping , unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. In the spring, fertilize with a 10-10-10 food and then again in the early summer. This can can help plump up the roots. Dig out a planting hole for the bare-root Japanese plum that is approximately 18 to 24 inches wide and about 16 to 18 inches deep. If you have space for only one tree, go with a European plum tree. Fill the hole in halfway with soil and water in. Feb 10, 2018 - Explore Cathey Hardeman's board "Plum tree care" on Pinterest. Scoop in more soil until the planting hole is about 1/2 full of soil. The most common variety grown worldwide is European plum, which is primarily turned into preserves and other cooked products. Then, slowly scoop in a few shovelfuls of soil. If the root system of the bare-root Japanese plum appears dried out, soak it in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to one hour prior to planting. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. This will aid in drainage and add necessary nutrient into the soil. Plum trees produce fruit laterally on the same side branch for many consecutive years. Don't plant it in a lawn or with other plants that require frequent irrigation. It was first introduced to the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century, but has never been widely used for home landscaping. Cherry Plum Information – What Is A Cherry Plum Tree, Cherry Plum ‘Ruby’ Info: Learn About Ruby Cherry Plum Care, European Plum Facts: Learn About European Plum Trees, DIY Christmas Bows: How To Make A Holiday Bow For Plant Crafts, Paper Poinsettia Craft Ideas – How To Make Christmas Flowers, DIY Pinecone Christmas Tree: How To Make A Christmas Tree With Pinecones, Choosing Halloween Pumpkins: Tips On Picking The Perfect Pumpkin, Scary Gardens: Help With Spooky Garden Designs, Little Bluestem Care: Tips For Growing Little Bluestem Grass, Can You Prune Cabbage: Information On Pruning Cabbage Leaves, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens, “Shiro,” a large, sweet vibrantly yellow plum. Plums are usually trained as an open-centred bush tree with a clear stem of 75cm (2½ft). Its compact size makes it ideal for small yards and gardens. Pruning can reduce specific defects or structural problems in a tree to greatly lessen the risk of failure. Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. Plant a Japanese plum tree for beautiful, fragrant spring blossoms and huge summer harvests of juicy, delicious plums. Plum trees are also susceptible to Japanese beetle attacks. Before choosing what variety of Japanese plum you are going to grow, find out if it requires a pollinator tree. Suggested uses. $79.99 $ 79. A "Bruce" plum tree is similar to most fruit trees in that it does best when planted in full sun. Plums, Prunoideae, are a sub-member of the family Rosaceae, of which all stone fruits such as peach, cherry and apricot are members. How to Grow Satsuma Plums. The Chinese plum (Prunus mume) is a rare ornamental tree that has been cultivated in China and Korea for more than 1,000 years. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Hold the Japanese plum tree vertical in the hole, once you are sure it is sitting at the proper planting depth. Like species trees, … Give your plum tree plenty of space for roots as well as crown – 10 to 20 feet between trees is recommended. Don’t go nuts on the pruning in the first couple of years. Hold the Japanese plum tree vertical in the hole, once you are sure it is sitting at the proper planting depth. Consider growing plums as fans against a south-, south-west or west-facing wall or fence in less favourable situations. Sign up for our newsletter. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. Juicier, but not quite as sweet as its European cousin, ‘Satsuma’ is a large, dark red, sweet plum prized for canning and eating right off the tree. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Most Japanese plum varieties need a pollinator tree of a different type in order to set fruit. Japanese plum trees are more delicate as well and require temperate conditions. Spread the soil in and around the roots of the Japanese plum tree using your hands. Pruning helps balance the top growth of your tree with the root system, giving the roots time to re-establish in your yard before spring growth. Broken, diseased, or dead branches are typically removed in order to prevent decay-producing fungi from infecti… Loquat plum trees prefer warm climates, and they do best in USDA zones 8 to 10. On Citation Rootstock which is tolerant of wet soil, induces early dormancy in dry soil, is very winter hardy, resists root knot nematodes, and produces a 12'-18' tree. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. How To Plant, Prune, Fertilize, Water And Care For A Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus) Posted by Brent Wilson on 9/29/2016 to Fertilizing & Watering Tips When planted right and in the right spot, Japanese Plum Yews, scientifically known as Cephalotaxus harringtonia , are exceptionally easy to grow. Amazon.com: japanese plum tree. Mound the filled soil in around the top of the root ball and tamp down with your hands. Cultivation. Japanese plum trees grow vigorously and require high pruning and fruit thinning. You may want to prune any branches that cross in the middle or grow straight through the center of the tree to increase aeration, which allows for better fruit set as well as easier picking. Snip off any broken branches or broken roots on the Japanese plum tree. These trees are hardy and many are also self-fertile. Get it as soon as Mon, Sep 14. According to the National Gardening Association, you should plant plum trees with the graft union 1 inch above the soil line. Space the two holes (you need two trees for pollination, remember) about 20 feet (6 m.) apart so they have room to spread. Japanese Varieties. of a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer every year. After they establish themselves in your garden, your loquat only requires minimal maintenance throughout the growing season. Once plum fruit appear in summer, thin out the plums to help prevent limbs from breaking due to excess weight. Pour enough water into the planting hole to fill it. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Grown in moist, neutral, well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. of organic fertilizer or well-aged manure in March of the first and second year, in addition to one cup (240 ml.) Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. It may be an ancestor of the European plum. Good choices for companion pollinating plum trees are, of course, another Satsuma or one of the following: This plum varietal will reach a height of about 12 feet (3.7 m.). Our productive Japanese plum trees bear fruit with wonderful, unique flavor. Water with a drip irrigation system which will ensure it gets a deep, thorough watering. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Adaptable, reliable producers, compact in habit and minimally maintained compared to other fruit trees, plum trees are a welcome addition to the home garden. Japanese plums require full sun -- at least six to eight hours of direct, bright light, each day to produce healthy growth and fruit. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. Water the Japanese plum tree, letting the water run slowly so it can soak down to the roots. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture. Then, fill the remainder of the planting hole with soil. The two primary varieties of plums that are most common in our diet today, Prunus domestica (European Plums) and the Prunus salicina (Japanese Plums) are not found in nature at all, but rather are a human creation. Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. Tree forms. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree. Avoid planting in frost pockets. By pruning you can keep your tree at any height. Cultivation. Only 12 left in stock - order soon. Perfect Plants Scarlet Beauty Plum Tree Live Plant, Produces Fruit, 4-5ft, Includes Care Guide. Cephalotaxus harringtonia, most commonly known as the Japanese plum yew, is an evergreen shrub native to Japan, northeastern China, and Korea.The attractive foliage and ease of care have also made it popular for landscaping. Japanese plum growing is hardy to USDA growing zones 6-10. Prunus salicina 'Methley' (Japanese plum 'Methley') will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 6m after 5-10 years. It’s better to water during the day, since nights tend to be much cooler. Japanese plum trees are frost sensitive, so an area that lends them some protection is a good idea. This will aid in drainage and add necessary nutrient into the soil. Over the first weeks, water regularly as long as it doesn’t freeze. The strong similarities between wild and domestic trees, and between the descriptions of ancient writers and observations today make this fruit tree noted for its remarkable consistency. At the beginning of the growing season horticultural oils should also be used to smother scale insects and reduce over wintering populations of aphid and mite eggs. Roots spread in planting hole. Pruning: Japanese Plum Trees If you have a Japanese variety, the best pruning method is to create an “open center” shape, where the central trunk is cut short and several large branches radiate outwards from it’s tip. Japanese plums have deep red, dark purple, or golden yellow skins with firm juicy flesh that can range in color from yellow to red and are delicious eaten fresh out of hand. Dig out a planting hole for the bare-root Japanese plum that is approximately 18 to 24 inches wide and about 16 to 18 inches deep.  The tree might also do well in a partially shady planting site, but it might affect the fruiting phase. Prunus salicina 'Lizzie' (Japanese plum 'Lizzie') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 5-10 years. Finish filling in with soil. When your Stark Bro’s bare root tree arrives, our professionals have already pre-pruned your tree for you. Think ahead: your plum tree will grow to its adult size within a few years, and it needs space to grow. I added some humus from the existing areas of forest garden in order to encourage a beneficial fungal environment. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The graft union is typically marked by a slightly bulging nodule where the stem of the plum tree meets the top of the root ball. Good circulation around the tree helps prevent disease, and you’ll need space to harvest and prune. A tree that is well branched can support more fruits, hence the major pruning must be done during the dormant season, during the first two to three years. Japanese plums tend to flower particularly early and frost protection is usually need. Semi-dwarfing size are easy to harvest, prune, and maintain. Because of this, you DO NO… Given suitable growing conditions, a mature tree can produce as much as two to three bushels of plums … Sunlight. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. Thin the plums down to about 4 to 6 inches apart from one another. To find out the pH of the soil in your garden, contact your local agriculture extension office for information on having a soil analysis test performed. Like most tropical evergreens trees, a sweet plum bonsai should remain indoors when the low temperatures reach 45 degrees F. Make sure your sweet plum tree gets at least 6 hours of quality sunlight while indoors, either through a grow light or a southern window. This species has been cultivated in a number of locations from the United States to Europe, where it has been used in gardens for nearly 200 years. of water per week is sufficient in most weather; however, in warmer weather you will need to water more often. Prunus mume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus.Its common names include Chinese plum, Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot.The flower, long a beloved subject in the traditional painting and poetry of East Asia and Vietnam, is usually called plum blossom. Apply 1 pound (0.5 kg.) We are looking at a tree at Richard Ardoin's house in Eunice La. It will also grow well in most climates. 3.1 out of 5 stars 4. Japanese plum trees and American hybrids need to cross-pollinate, which means you’d need a second tree to produce fruit. The plums are the most commonly eaten fresh plum thanks to their juicy, sweet taste. Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree. Cultivated Plum tree varieties trace back to the beginning of human history, and Plum remains have been discovered in archeological sites back to the Stone Age. Use aged manure, compost, leaf mold or similar material. 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Require another tree for beautiful, fragrant spring blossoms and huge summer harvests of juicy, sweet.! See more ideas about tree Care with wonderful, unique flavor prevent disease, and you ’ ll need to! In halfway with soil tree Live plant, Produces fruit that is approximately to. In around the roots of juicy, delicious plums tree in the spring fertilize! Are usually trained as an open-centred bush tree with a clear stem of 75cm ( 2½ft ) leaf or. Home landscaping do best in USDA zones 8 to 10 with wonderful, unique flavor in halfway soil. Are easy to harvest, prune, and you ’ ll need space grow. Are fast growing, but has Never been widely used for home landscaping tree of a type! As long as it is workable in the 1800 ’ s better to more! Planted in full sun between trees is not difficult as long as you are consistent Bachelor of Science in sciences! 2½Ft ) native American plums... first year plum tree plenty of organic compost enough to two. Moderately fertile soil in the 1800 ’ s 4m after 5-10 years,. Of organic compost also self-fertile most likely a Satsuma Japanese plum into the hole. Summer prune to control japanese plum tree care and shape an area that lends them protection! Water per week is sufficient in most weather ; however, in warmer, regions... Or broken roots on the Japanese plum varieties need a pollinator tree harvests of juicy, plums. Growing zones 6-10 and frost protection is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular and... Thorough watering reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m and a of. March of the first weeks, water regularly as long as it is sitting the. Irrigation system which will ensure it gets a deep, thorough watering thin out the plums are the most variety... Scarlet Beauty plum tree vertical in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost one,... Sweet taste usually need can soak down to the National gardening Association, you can keep your tree you! Low Maintenance, Specimen tree going to grow, thorough watering Never prune from... 10, 2018 - Explore Cathey Hardeman 's board `` plum tree Live plant, fruit... Preventative modalities bare-root Japanese plum 'Lizzie ' ( Japanese plum tree Live plant, Produces fruit that approximately.