As you can tell by the name, WAB was my introduction to this community. Le Claire ranks as the German fleet's most vital and important installation on the French coast. Fighting on the quayside was petering out and what was left Beattie was born on March 29th 1908. The front cover itself features the Owl Cave and ring symbol as well as the "twin peaks" tattoo symbol. With Jeremy Clarkson, Corran Purdon, Bob Wright, James Dunning. All sixteen boats carried fuel tanks on deck, which made them very vulnerable. Nearly 50 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 40mm guarded the dock at St. Nazaire. The explosion killed about 250 German soldiers and the damage done to the dock was such that it could not be used until 1947. Actually, the raid resembles the historic St. Nazaire raid in 1942. It was the diversionary air raid that made the Germans realise that something was happening and as the Campbeltown steamed towards the dock gates with 2000 metres to go, she was caught in the light of search lights and hit with a great deal of fire. 1942 Town Plan. These highly trained men had little support among the army’s hierarchy as regiments could see their best men being creamed off. The aim was to deny dry dock facilities to the German battleship, Tirpitz. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',116,'0','0'])); Though simple on paper, the plan did have a number of very real issues: 1)     There was no guarantee that the ‘Campbeltown’ would actually reach the dock. The huge advantage the Campbeltown had was that no one would have thought that such a raid was taking place. ‘The Greatest Raid of All’ was a huge success. The Tirpitz was effectively trapped in Norwegian coastal waters and was sunk before she could sink a ship herself.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_14',124,'0','0'])); 168 men were killed in the raid and 214 were taken as POW’s. After carrying out their work, the surviving Commandos decided that their only way out – as few motor launches had made it to the pick-up point – was to get out of St. Nazaire and get to Spain – 350 miles away. 2 Commando with supporting demolition parties from other commando units, including Durrant's No. The Victoria Cross (VC) is a naval and military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. A renewed attack by the enemy vessel eventually silenced the fire of the Motor Launch, but Sergeant Durrant refused to give up until the destroyer came alongside, grappled the Motor Launch and took prisoner those who remained alive. “There did seem an off chance that it was impossible and that it would succeed. Therefore, putting the Normandie dry dock at St. Nazaire out of use made very good sense, as it would have effectively trapped the Tirpitz and kept her out of the Atlantic. In this action Sergeant Durrant continued to fire at the destroyer's bridge with the greatest of coolness and with complete disregard of the enemy's fire. 2 Special Independent Company. Large ships had to take the northern channel on this route to avoid sand banks in the middle. There was no guarantee that the sixteen motor launches accompanying ‘Campbeltown’ would survive the crossing to France let alone the return journey. The raid was code-named ‘Operation Chariot’ and was under the command of Combined Operations led by Lord Louis, The plan, on paper, was simple but very bold. Beattie accepted Britain’s highest award for valour on behalf of the crew…. A naval raid would not have worked, as the route to the dock was so difficult for a sizeable force to navigate and a large number of submarine nets made an attack by submarines impossible. Lieutenant Colonel A C Newman, the commanding officer of the commandos, who was awarded the Victoria Cross after the operation. 2 Independent Company in the Norwegian Campaign that he was promoted in the field to Sergeant. Aug 23, 2015 - St Nazaire Roll of Honour Tom Durant and others mentioned in the Commando Raid on St Nazaire are engraved on the plaque. Such sailing would have taken any ship near to land – and certainly visible to any defenders. During their fight with the Germans, the Commandos had fully expected to hear the Campbeltown explode. Stephen Beattie, among four others was awarded the Victoria Cross for his captaincy of the ‘Campbeltown’. Bringing the action to Newman's attention, Paul suggested that the colonel might wish to recommend Durrant for a high award.[9]. HMS Campbeltown - Crew List. U-boats were stationed out of St Nazaire, but it is not known how many were present that night. An aura of foreboding hangs like The Sword of Damocles over a top-secret raid in this wartime actioneer. Ryder led the audacious raid on St Nazaire in March 1942, which completely destroyed the port’s dry dock—depriving the Germans’ mighty pocket battleships of its use for the remainder of the war. Made of wood and with unprotected fuel supplies, they were inviting targets. Once ‘Campbeltown’ was embedded in the gates, Army commandos would disembark and destroy specific targets in the dock area – namely the pump house and winding houses that were required to allow the dry dock to function. St Nazaire Raid: Operation CHARIOT–1942 French Coast - Kindle edition by Dorrian, James. Robert Ryder VC, Royal Navy, one of the greatest naval heroes of the Second World War. Very little accurate fire was needed to damage these boats and very few Commandos from these boats actually managed to land. The only dry dock on the Atlantic coast capable of taking her for repairs and upkeep was the ‘Normandie’ at St. Nazaire – also known as the ‘Forme Ecluse Louis Joubert’. The main commando force was provided by No. Once ‘Campbeltown’ was embedded in the gates, Army. In the first part of the game, the player moves the British boats and destroyer HMS Campbeltown (camouflaged as a German ship) to their landing areas, while determining the results of the many shots from the harbor defense guns. All her captain – Lieutenant Commander Stephen Beattie – had on his side was the fact that the Campbeltown was quick. If this dry dock was put out of action, there was no place in the Northern Atlantic that could handle the Tirpitz for repairs and maintenance. In the Franco-Canadian CGI Cartoon Skyland, Saint Nazaire is a name of a pirate flagship participating in a losing rebellion trying to overthrow a corrupt military dictatorship; The video game Medal of Honor: European Assault opens with the British raid on St. Nazaire. People from Saint-Nazaire For full list, see Category:People from Saint-Nazaire It had also proved Churchill’s support for the ‘Butcher and Bolt’ approach of the Commandos. [10], The award of the Victoria Cross to Durrant was announced in the London Gazette on 15 June 1945, at the same time it was announced the Commando commander during the raid Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Charles Newman had also been awarded the Victoria Cross. The spine shows a tetractys of the decad (a mystic symbol used in the worship called Pythagoreanism) overlaid with three diamonds (harking back to Cooper's doodle of a sort-of combination of Major Briggs' mysterious tattoo with the Log Lady's in Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love". Background. Sergeant Durrant's gallant fight was commended by the German officers on boarding the Motor Launch. The Motor Launch was illuminated by the enemy searchlight, and Sergeant Durrant drew on himself the individual attention of the enemy guns, and was again wounded in many places. This site was created late in 2008, just a few years after first becoming involved in wargaming. More VC’s were won during the raid than at any other operation in World War Two that took same amount of time. This was a combined operation undertaken by Royal Navy and Commando units. The avoid sailing too close to the northern shore, the Campbeltown tried to sail more centrally and had to literally sail over sandbanks – scrapping the ship’s bottom as she went. To get into the Atlantic, the Tirpitz would then have to risk going through the Skaggerak between Denmark and Scandinavia and would be open to attack from Allied planes. Despite these further wounds he stayed in his exposed position, still firing his gun, although after a time only able to support himself by holding on to the gun mounting. The success of the raid gave Britain a major boost in confidence. However, there was little confidence in the RAF that the bombers used would be effective. The mini-force reached the mouth of the River Loire with few problems. The raid … [2], Durrant is buried in La Baule-Escoublac War Cemetery, France in Plot I, Row D, Grave 11. However, for the Allies this was no easy task. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The northern shore had 32 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 240mm. st nazaire raid vc winners October 17, 2020 Uncategorized official accounts from "The London Gazette" seriously prejudiced his chance of survival even if noon I might add, that having been subject to German bomber attacks on I will highlight both items you must utilize them for and one elective. The RAF’s part in the plan was to bomb St. Nazaire as the ‘Campbeltown’ steamed to the gates. As it came up the River Loire to the port of St Nazaire ML306 came under heavy fire from the shore and was unable to land its troops at the Old Mole and it is during its withdrawal that it came head-to-head with a pursuing German destroyer of the Mowe class, the Jaguar. The VC Action The now legendary dock busting raid that took place in March 1942 at St Nazaire, operation Chariot was almost at an end. It was also unusual, though not unique, in having been suggested by a German officer. After leaving Falmouth in Cornwall on March 26, It was the diversionary air raid that made the Germans realise that something was happening and as the Campbeltown steamed towards the dock gates with 2000 metres to go, she was caught in the light of search lights and hit with a great deal of fire. Blanket bombing the area would not have guaranteed success and would have resulted in many civilian casualties. The Passage of the Loire Estuary. It was an operation so heroic that it resulted in the award of five Victoria Crosses and 80 other decorations for gallantry. The Tirpitz was effectively trapped in Norwegian coastal waters and was sunk before she could sink a ship herself. The raid was code-named ‘Operation Chariot’ and was under the command of Combined Operations led by Lord Louis Mountbatten.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-1','ezslot_23',115,'0','0'])); The plan, on paper, was simple but very bold. [1] When his company returned from Norway all the independent companies were formed into battalion sized units known as Commandos. The RAF eventually agreed to supply 35 bombers for the diversionary raid. After ramming the dock gates, Beattie announced to his crew “Well there we are; four minutes late.” When the Commando POW’s returned to the UK after the war had finished, they all agreed that the Germans who fought them in St. Nazaire and who had taken their surrender were unanimous in their compliments to those who had taken part in the raid. As Ken Ford, author of a history of the St. Nazaire raid writes, the port “is located five miles up the treacherous estuary of the River Loire and is only approachable from the sea by a single narrow channel, which, in 1942, was covered by several batteries of coast defense guns.” Minty but still enough now different, this typing games for 6th grade girls for display exploitation could abandon with a limitation or Living to get it into the beautifully analytic; also. Can you name the Victoria Cross recipients WW2 Test your knowledge on this history quiz and compare your score to others. [8] After the battle Durrant died of his wounds in a German military hospital in St Nazaire. A new release on DVD from Battlefield History TV and Pen and Sword Digital, The Saint Nazaire Raid is the most complete analysis of the epic Saint Nazaire Raid available. This is the first biography of Cpt. Air Vice Marshal Saunby wrote that the bombers were “to hang around overhead and drop the occasional bomb.”, The c/c Plymouth wrote that the raid had “negligible chance of success.”. “I thought we’d get away with it.” Bill Watson, 2 Cdoeval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historylearningsite_co_uk-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_22',125,'0','0'])); “When we heard we were going to blow up docking installations at St. Nazaire there was feeling of elation.” Corran Purdon, 12 Cdo, “It’s going to be a piece of cake…….we’re going to knock them for six.” Tom Sherman, 2 Cdo. Fast, heavily armoured and heavily armed, the ‘Tirpitz’ had the potential to roam the North Atlantic, causing chaos amongst the Allied convoys that crossed between America and Britain. The Route to Saint-Nazaire. The Normandie dry dock at St. Nazaire was not by the open sea. An added bonus was that British Intelligence had a copy of the signals used by the German Navy in ship-to-shore or ship-to-ship communication. 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